Campaign Promises

Cabinet/Departments -> Homeland Security -> Border Security


ItemHomeland Security
Border SecurityGrade
HS-1
The Promise: "Will support "additional personnel, infrastructure and technology on the border and at our ports of entry"
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan for Immigration, undated.
Source: http://finance.groups.yahoo.com/group/WaitersWorld/message/7042
Status:The USA is home to approximately 11M illegal immigrants. During the first 9 months of FY2010, about 137K of these were classified as "criminal aliens" by the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency and deported. Border Patrol resources remained woefully inadequate through end-CY2016. The security infrastructure along the U.S.-Mexican border remains porous and in some cases is non-existent.

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 provided $280M for technology improvements along the southern border, $420M for construction of Customs & Border Protection (CBP) facilities, and $1B for airport explosives detection systems.

The $42.7B Department of Homeland Security (DHS) budget for FY2010 was a $2.6B increase over the FY2009 authorization (excluding $2.8B from the ARRA) and included $368M to support 20,000 CBP agents protecting 8,000 miles of U.S. borders with Mexico and Canada, including the coastal waters around Florida and Puerto Rico.

Six (6) unarmed "Predator B" Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) provided border surveillance in the Southwest as of mid-CY2012 with another three (3) operating along the border with Canada between Minnesota and the State of Washington. These are supplemented by eight (8) aerostats that form the Tethered Aerostat Radar System (TARS) to provide surveillance of the U.S./Mexico border, south Florida and Puerto Rico, as well as some 16,800 vehicles, 270 aircraft, 300 watercraft, and 300 camera towers.

On 05/25/10, President Obama ordered the deployment of 1,200 National Guard troops to the border under "Operation Phalanx." This broke down to 524 for Arizona, 250 for Texas, 224 for California, 72 for New Mexico, and 130 for Command and Control and other support functions. This augmentation was reduced to about 300 in early-CY2012. A Government Accountability Office (GAO) report at that time, indicated that only 44% of the Southwest border was under the CBP's operational control.

On 08/11/10, the Senate approved $600M for an additional 1,000 border agents, 250 CBP agents, and 250 ICE agents. President Obama signed this bill on 08/13/10, bringing the number of agents along the border with Mexico to 18,200.

Here are the operational budget numbers:

Year..........CBP..............ICE
FY2009....$11.2B........$5.9B
FY2010....$11.5B........$5.7B
FY2011....$11.2B........$5.9B
FY2012....$11.7B........$5.9B
FY2013....$11.7B........$5.6B
FY2014....$12.4B........$5.9B
FY2015....$12.8B........$6.1B
FY2016....$13.2B........$6.1B
FY2017....$13.9B........$6.2B (Requests)

For Border Infrastructure and Technology:

Year..........CBP..............ICE
FY2009....$745.0M......$62.0M
FY2010....$800.0M......$94.8M
FY2011....$573.0M......$73.8M
FY2012....$385.1M......$21.7M
FY2013....$307.4M......$31.2M
FY2014....$351.4M......$39.9M
FY2015....$254.6M......$26.0M
FY2016....$373.7M......$53.0M
FY2017....$323.3M......$50.0M (Requests)

On 04/03/13, DHS reports indicated that as of 09/22/12, the number of southern border security agents had gone down from 18,500 to 15,789, responsible for 328,412 illegal immigrant apprehensions during FY2012. The same DHS reports acknowledged that only 651 of the 1,969 mile border with Mexico had been fenced off and that the recorded apprehensions accounted for only 61% of suspected illegal crossings. DHS estimated that it would cost an additional $22.4B to construct a fence along the border sections that remained unprotected.

As of CY2015, CBP had approximately 20,000 personnel, up from about 18,000 in CY2009. ICE personnel strength went down from over 20,000 in CY2009 to about 19,300 in CY2015.

As of end-CY2016, President Obama delivered on his promise to "support" border security initiatives in terms of personnel, infrastructure and technology.

This promise has been fulfilled.
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