Campaign Promises

Cabinet/Departments -> State


ItemState
AfricaGrade
ST-1
The Promise: "As president, Obama will take immediate steps to end the genocide in Darfur..."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore Our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:Early in his presidency, President Obama named Major General (Ret.) J. Scott Gration as his special envoy to Sudan on 03/18/09. On 06/17/09 Gration told reporters in Washington that the Government of Sudan was no longer engaged in a campaign of mass murder in Darfur. The Obama Administration's Special Envoy therefore appeared to be in denial on the realities of the ongoing Darfur genocide.

Months later on 10/19/09, President Obama referred to the situation in Darfur as "genocide," acknowledging that "hundreds of thousands of people" had been killed in Darfur and "millions more displaced."

As the South completed its 01/11 referendum on self-determination and independence from the North/Khartoum government and moved ahead to become the world's newest country (South Sudan) on 07/09/11, the Obama Administration appeared to focus only on the North-South secession challenge over the continuing lack of a meaningful cease fire in the Western Sudanese region of Darfur.

President Obama appointed Princeton Lyman as Special Envoy to South Sudan and Sudan on 03/31/11 to replace Gration. Under Lyman's watch, the "Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD)," was signed in 07/11 between the Government of Sudan and the Darfuri rebel groups to end their conflict that was the root cause of the genocide. Insignificant progress was made after the document was signed to resolve the Darfur situation because of lack of implementation and enforcement.

In fact, mass murders in Darfur are known to have continued through the end of President Obama's two terms in office, although on a lesser scale than in previous years. For example, In 09/16, the Sudanese government reportedly launched chemical weapon attacks on civilian populations in Darfur, killing at least 250 people, mostly children. By end-CY2016, about 600K people were known to have been killed in Darfur and nearly 3M displaced.

This promise was not fulfilled.
0.00
ST-2
The Promise: "...will hold the government in Khartoum accountable for abiding by its commitments under the Comprehensive Peace Accord that ended the 30 year conflict between the north and south."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed on 01/09/05 by the southern Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), based in Juba (south), and the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) in Khartoum (north). Among its provisions: withdrawal of northern troops from the south, national elections, a census, the sharing of southern oil revenues with the north, power-sharing, and it set a timetable for a referendum on independence for southern Sudan. The CPA expired on 07/07/11, the date South Sudan became an independent nation.

Through the years, U.S.-Sudan relations have been strained. After a six-year closure, the U.S. Embassy in Khartoum reopened in CY2002 with a Charge d'Affaires as the senior U.S. diplomat, not an Ambassador, a situation that exists to the present day. Compounding this situation, the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague issued two warrants for the arrest of the President of Sudan, Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity as well as for being a criminally responsible suspect and an indirect co-perpetrator. As of end-CY2016, President Bashir remained at large, traveling with impunity to countries that do not recognize the jurisdiction of the ICC with regard to its warrants against Bashir.

Despite the best efforts of Special Envoy Jonathan S. Gration and others, the CPA is believed to have failed in its over-arching goals of reconciliation between the north and south and national unity. The following CPA objectives also failed by the time it expired in 07/11:
- Setting aside 30% of the Sudanese civil service for southerners;
- Introduction legislation to reform land ownership;
- Settlement of boundary disputes along the oil-rich Abyei region;
- Demobilization of soldiers and termination of support for proxy militias;
- Investment in chronically impoverished rural areas for roads, schools, hospitals and other infrastructure;
- Involvement of international community with regard to CPA implementation.

Faced with the above failures, there was no accountability by the Khartoum Government led by fugitive President Bashir who, it seems, simply disregarded President Obama's overtures as well as the terms of the CPA.

This promise was not fulfilled.
0.00
ST-3
The Promise: "...In order to increase the incomes of subsistence producers, decrease the pressure on shrinking arable lands, and minimize the vulnerability of commodity exports to global price shocks, an Obama administration will launch the AVTA Initiative..."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity," dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:See related Promise ST-2.

The intent of this Add Value to Agriculture (AVTA) Initiative promise was to spur research and innovation aimed at bringing about a Green Revolution in Africa by partnering with land grant institutions, private philanthropies and business to support agricultural processing through increased investment in research and development for improved seeds, irrigation methods, and affordable and safe fertilizers. The initiative would also address food security issues in order to alleviate high food costs.

As of early-CY2013, President Obama has continued previous Administration programs to alleviate global hunger with over $3.5B planned annually. These appropriations are to be used to invest in agricultural development and nutrition in the poorest countries.

However, he very specifically promised to establish AVTA. Merely continuing programs that his predecessors supported does not constitute promise fulfillment. He has not established a specific AVTA Initiative and indicators are that he doesn't plan to do so.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-4
The Promise: "...will launch the Global Energy and Environment Initiative to ensure African countries have access to low carbon energy technology and can profitably participate in the new global carbon market so as to ensure solid economic development even while the world dramatically reduces its greenhouse gas emissions."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:The is no indication as of early-CY2013 that the Obama Administration has launched or is planning to launch an Africa-focused Global Energy and Environment Initiative (GEEI).

Educational institutions such as Johns Hopkins University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have their own energy and environment programs that could serve as launching pads for the promised program. However, President Obama promised that his Administration would launch a GEEI specifically focused on the sharing of energy technology in support of economic development with certain African countries. This has not happened.

Also problematic in this promise is Obama's statement that the world is reducing its greenhouse gas emissions. While this is true for many countries, more than half of the estimated 7B tons of coal burned annually is burned in China alone. To meet its increasing demands in CY2009 and CY2010, China stepped up its importation of more than 150M tons of coal from the USA (Wyoming and Montana) and Australia, which has a $60B contract to supply China with Australian coal. This renders questionable the concept that the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is an effective global priority.

This promise with regard to an Africa-specific GEEI has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-5
The Promise: "...will also strengthen the African Growth and Opportunity Act to ensure that African producers can access the U.S. market and will encourage more American companies to invest on the continent."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) was signed into law (P.L. 106-200) by President Clinton on 05/18/00.

To strengthen this Act, "AGOA II" and "AGOA III" were signed by President Bush in CY2002 and CY2004 respectively. On 12/20/06, President Bush also signed the Africa Investment Incentive Act further amending portions of the AGOA and is known as "AGOA IV."

On 11/18/09, Congressman Jim McDermott (D-WA) introduced the "New Partnership for Trade Development Act of 2009" (H.R. 4101) to amend and further strengthen the AGOA. This bill was referred to House Committee on Ways and Means also on 11/18/09, where it died with the 111th Congree at the end of CY2010. No similar bill was introduced during the 112th Congress.

To satisfy the latter part of this promise with regard to investments on the African continent, Congressman Christopher Smith (R-NJ) introduced the "Increasing American Jobs Through Greater Exports to Africa Act of 2012" (H.R. 4221) on 03/20/12. On 03/21/12, Senator Richard Durbin (D-IL) introduced as similar bill (S. 2215) Neither bill progressed beyond initial House and Senate committee reviews and both expired with the 112th Congress at the end of CY2012.

President Obama signed into law an amendment to the AGOA on 08/10/12 (H.R. 5986). This amendment extended the Third-Country Fabric Program to CY2015 to allow eligible African countries to import fabrics, to transform those fabrics into purchasable items, and export those items to the United States. This amendment did not "strengthen" the AGOA, but would have severely weakened it had President Obama not signed H.R. 5986 into law.

We therefore consider that initial progress has been made toward promise fulfillment.
0.65
ChinaGrade
ST-6
The Promise: "...will use all diplomatic means at his disposal to achieve change in China's manipulation of the value of its currency, a practice that contributes to massive global imbalances and provides Chinese companies with an unfair competitive advantage."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Protecting U.S. Interests and Advancing American Values in our Relationship with China" dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245761/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-Protecting-US-Interests-Advancing-American-Values-in-our-Relationship-with-China
Status:American manufacturers consider the Chinese yuan (also called the "renminbi") to be undervalued by about 40%, contributing to the USA's massive trade deficit with China and the loss of millions of American jobs.

On 07/08/10, the Obama Administration announced that it would not make an issue of China's apparent currency manipulation to gain an unfair trade imbalance. Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao stated on 09/22/10 that the exchange rate of the yuan is not the "main cause" of the bilateral trade imbalance and that the $26.2B U.S. trade deficit with China (as of 06/10) is not intentional.

On 09/29/10, the House passed the Currency Reform for Fair Trade Act (H.R. 2378) introduced by Congressman Timothy Ryan (D-OH). This bill died with the 111th Congress at the end of CY2010.

Changing course, President Obama tried to get leading economic powers to follow his plan to end global trade imbalances during the 11/10 G-20 Summit in Korea. He was soundly rebuffed, as the U.S. became increasingly impotent in pushing its agenda on the world stage. President Obama's sour reaction was to refer to the yuan issue as an "irritant," a statement that won't help assuage rising tensions between the U.S. and China.

In advance of Chinese President Hu Jintau's visit to Washington in 01/11, Hu stated that the current domination of the U.S. dollar on the world currency stage was a "product of the past." He emphasized China's efforts to transform the yuan into a global currency.

While no meaningful progress was made during President Hu's 01/11 visit to the USA to change China's manipulation of its currency, it must be recognized that the yaun appreciated by about 5% from mid-CY2010 to mid-CY2011. This appreciation is inconsistent with the rise of other currencies such as the Japanese yen, Euro, or British pound over the same timeframe.

On 09/22/11, Senator Sherrod Brown (D-OH) introduced the Currency Exchange Rate Oversight Reform Act of 2011 (S. 1619). The Senate voted in favor of this bill (79-19) on 10/04/11, but as of end-CY2012, this bill had not passed the Republican-controlled House. It expired with the 112th Congress at the end of CY2012.

During the 11/12-13/11 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) conference in Hawaii, President Obama used strong language to press China to reform the U.S. belief that China's currency is kept artificially low, thereby keeping American businesses at a disadvantage and driving up China's trade surpluses. As in the past, China pushed back against this pressure with Chinese President Hu Jintau telling President Obama that "China's foreign exchange policy is a responsible one," and that China will "continue reforming its exchange rate mechanism." Translation: the Chinese will not soon reform the manipulation of their currency.

On 12/28/11, the Obama Administration decided not to designate China as a currency manipulator, preferring to accept China's undervaluation of the Chinese yuan and avoid a potential trade war rooted in low export prices against high import costs.

This promise is not being fulfilled.
0.00
ST-7
The Promise: "...will insist that our imports from China and other countries be safe."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Protecting U.S. Interests and Advancing American Values in our Relationship with China" dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245761/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-Protecting-US-Interests-Advancing-American-Values-in-our-Relationship-with-China
Status:During the first term of the Obama Administration, concerns prevailed over the safety of Chinese products. These concerns ranged from much-publicized corrosive effects of Chinese-manufactured drywall with hydrogen sulfide content (affecting more than 20K homes), to lead content in children's toys, to defective tires.

A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed between the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and China's General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) back in CY2004. Its provisions were generally ignored by China largely due to the absence of cooperation and reciprocal inspections.

The CPSC signed another MOU in 04/10, but this one was with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) organization, following an increase in civil penalties from $8K to $100K for each violation of the Consumer Product Safety Improvements Act of 2008 and from $1.8M to $15M for repeated violations. This 04/10 MOU mandated the allocation of increased CBP resources to inspect and prevent noncompliant products from entering the USA. The new rules apply to all imports -- not only those from China.

China objected to the 04/10 MOU between the CPSC and CBP, and cited it as an example of American protectionism, further exacerbating an already strained bilateral trade relationship. With other pressing issues at hand such as economic relations, China's military buildup, North Korea's nuclear capabilities buildup and its provocative actions in the region, this import concern was not brought up during Chinese President Hu Jintao's visit to the USA in 01/11.

But in assessing promise fulfillment, we considered where matters of our national security are at stake. During President Obama's first term in office, China continued to put our military men and women at risk by delivering counterfeit parts for such critical military warfighting systems as the F-15 fighter, Maverick missile, V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft and some of the U.S. Navy's submarines. While the extent of counterfeiting cannot be quantified exactly, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) has acknowledged that it is taking place. The USG/DoD could do better to find alternative sources, other than China, for its critical military spare parts. Even if this means paying more for those parts, putting more U.S. citizens to work manufacturing those parts would be a positive side benefit.

While the Obama Administration took initial steps to enhance the safety of imported products, it has fallen far short of ensuring that militarily significant parts obtained from China meet the standards necessary to ensure the safety of military personnel.

This promise has only seen initial progress toward fulfillment.
0.65
ST-8
The Promise: "From Tibet to cracking down on democracy and religious freedom activists, China has failed to live up to international standards of human rights. Barack Obama and Joe Biden...will press them to respect human rights."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Protecting U.S. Interests and Advancing American Values in our Relationship with China" dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245761/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-Protecting-US-Interests-Advancing-American-Values-in-our-Relationship-with-China
Status:The Communist Chinese government acknowledges that its form of government is a "socialist democracy" under which public debate on certain issues is permitted, so long as the Communist Party's leadership is not challenged.

However, that Party continues to disregard human rights and religious freedom well into President Obama's second term in office.

Secretary of State Clinton, during her first trip to China on 02/09, appeared to push human rights concerns to a low priority by stating that human rights issues "can't interfere with the global economic crisis, the global climate change crisis, and the security crisis."

Meanwhile, those who spoke out against the Communist Party continued to be persecuted, critical internet postings were viewed as subversive, web sites were and continue to be routinely shut down, and their authors hunted down and jailed.

The U.S.-China "Human Rights Dialogue," a forum that permits direct engagement with China on U.S. concerns over specific human rights issues, resumed in mid-CY2010. One of issues discussed was the continued incarceration of Xue Feng, a U.S. citizen, serving an 8-year sentence and $30,000 fine for allegedly revealing state secrets when he published information about China's oil fields in CY2007. Other than monthly U.S. consular official visits to Xue, State Department efforts to have him released for humanitarian reasons have been ineffective. In fact, his sentence was upheld on 02/18/11.

By hosting Chinese President Hu Jintau on 01/19/11, President Obama became the first U.S. President to host a head of state whose country continues to imprison a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, democracy advocate and writer Liu Xiaobo who has since died of liver cancer but was serving an 11-year prison term and whose wife remains under house arrest. On that date, President Hu first tried to deflect a direct question from Ben Feller of the Associated Press regarding China's poor human rights question. When pressed to answer the original question by Bloomberg's Hans Nichols, President Hu simply stated that "a lot still needs to be done in China in terms of human rights." These comments were censored from the press briefing version aired in China.

In a joint statement released on 01/19/11, the U.S. and China addressed their differences on human rights in a "spirit of equality and mutual respect." Translation: no progress. Shortly thereafter on 04/02/11, one of China's best-known and sometimes provocative contemporary artists, Ai Weiwei, was arrested while trying to board a flight to Hong Kong. His whereabouts remained unknown until 06/22/11 when he was released after signing a confession of having "committed crimes against the state."

Hundreds of activists and intellectuals have reportedly been detained or have simply disappeared in China's efforts to thwart the possibility of a popular uprising such as experienced the "Arab Spring" uprisings in Egypt, Tunisia, Bahrain, Syria, Libya and other Middle East countries during the first half of CY2011.

The 17th U.S.-China "Human Rights Dialogue" took place in 07/24-25/12. The State Department acknowledged in its press brief following this conference that "The overall human rights situation in China continues to deteriorate."

Whatever the Obama Administration has done with regard to pressing the Chinese to respect human rights, it hasn't worked.

This promise has not been effectively fulfilled.
0.00
ST-9
The Promise: "...will press China to end its support for regimes in Sudan, Burma, Iran and Zimbabwe."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Protecting U.S. Interests and Advancing American Values in our Relationship with China" dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245761/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-Protecting-US-Interests-Advancing-American-Values-in-our-Relationship-with-China
Status:Iran: While China provided support for U.S.-led United Nations watered-down sanctions against Iran's nuclear energy program in 06/10, China remained Iran's largest oil customer and was exempted from some of these weak sanctions. However, China has been extremely vocal about its opposition to U.S. unilateral sanctions against Iran. As Japanese and Western investments have dried up in Iran, China has increased its own investments, thereby maintaining and possibly elevating its support of Iran's regime.

Burma: In 03/10, China defended the Burmese regime's controversial election laws at the UN Security Council by taking the position that any transition to democracy is an internal affair. A year later the first democratically elected President of Myanmar (Thein Sein) visited China during which China reaffirmed its "respect for Myanmar's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity."

Zimbabwe: China continues to be Zimbabwe's largest investor, exploiting the country's natural resources to develop its own economy. This was greatly facilitated by Zinbabwe's "Look East Policy" established in CY2000 by President Mugabe. China attempted to deliver arms and ammunition to the Mugabe regime in 03/09 during an election crisis, despite Zimbabwe's international isolation due mainly to human rights abuses. On 09/11/11, Mugabe stated: "The imperialist countries of Britan, Europe and the U.S. have continued to undermine our country...we are grateful to the stance China has always taken in defending our sovereignty."

Sudan: China imports about 80% of Sudan's oil, and continues to deliver weapons, ammunition, tanks, helicopters, fighter aircraft etc. to the Sudanese regime in Khartoum. During the 01/11 visit of Chinese President Hu Jintao to the USA, China agreed to fully support Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). For China, this ensured uninterrupted acquisition of oil from the oil-rich South after the South became an independent country in 07/11, while continuing to arm the Khartoum regime. At the same time, China has continued to favor the Khartoum regime of President Omar Al-Bashir by adopting a "look the other way" non-interference policy in Darfur where, according to UN reports, more than 300K people have been killed and nearly 3M people have been displaced. During President Hu's 01/11 visit to the USA, he only acknowledged that progress should be made in the political process to resolve the Darfur issue. Meanwhile, China agreed on 07/08/13 to finance the construction of a new $700M Khartoum International Airport.

With the exception of Burma where new-found democracy came about outside of Chinese influence and where Chinese support of a repressive regime is no longer an issue, Chinese support of the regimes in Iran, Zinbabwe and Sudan as of end-CY2013 is either at the same level or at a higher level than when President Obama assumed the presidency in CY2009.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-10
The Promise: "...will vigorously enforce our trade laws and trade agreements to ensure that American companies have a fair opportunity to compete and to counteract piracy of intellectual property."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Protecting U.S. Interests and Advancing American Values in our Relationship with China" dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245761/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-Protecting-US-Interests-Advancing-American-Values-in-our-Relationship-with-China
Status:U.S. manufacturers have validated their claims that China routinely counterfeits U.S. goods, offering these goods on the U.S. and world markets at cut-rate prices, thereby furthering China's goals to hold the USA at a competitive export disadvantage and feeding the estimated $26B+ trade imbalance.

The U.S. position on mitigating this situation is weak at best. Legislation to strengthen enforcement capabilities is not forthcoming. Other areas of U.S.-China disputes that have not meaningfully been addressed by the Obama Administration include:

1. Raw Materials: Aside from China's politically sensitive export restrictions on 17 minerals known as "rare earths," China is imposing export restrictions on 9 industrial raw materials such as zinc and coke. Export quotas for rare earths were capped by China at 30.1 metric tons in CY2011 and 31.1 metric tons for CY2012.

2. Steel: China has imposed duties on grain-oriented, flat-rolled electrical steel from the USA. This steel is used by the power generating industry in transformers and reactors. Duties on specific steel imports were imposed in 04/09, under the claim that the USA was "dumping" its "subsidized" steel in China.

3. Credit Cards: The USA claims that China is restricting U.S. companies such as Visa from joining China's credit card payment system in favor of its domestic payment system, UnionPay.

4. Alternative Energy: China's wind power manufacturing requires companies in receipt of any type of government aid to use Chinese parts. The U.S. claims that this requirement creates a trade barrier and constitues a subsidy in contravention of Geneva-based World Trade Organization (WTO) rules.

5. Tires: The United Steelworkers union petitioned President Obama in 09/09 to introduce 3-year duties on $1.8B worth of Chinese car and light truck tires. China's response has been that the tariffs are "a serious case of trade protectionism, which China resolutely opposes." Nonetheless, on 09/05/11 the WTO approved the Obama Administration's request to impose safeguard tariffs on tires imported from China.

6. Intellectual Property: An estimated $3.5B-$8B is lost annually from the American economy due to Chinese piracy of music, movies and software alone, according to the International Intellectual Property Alliance. During a 05/11 U.S.-China strategic and economic dialogue, China stated that they would stop the theft of intellectual property from the U.S. as pertains to software used on Chinese Government computers. Non-government software, music, movies etc. will apparently continue to be subject to piracy by the Chinese.

While progress was made in applying high tariffs on Chinese tire imports, much needs to be done on the other aspects of this promise. President Obama realized this and took advantage of the 11/12-13/11 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) conference in Hawaii to again make the point to his Chinese counterpart that "enough is enough" with China's blatant violation of U.S. intellectual property rights. There was no official Chinese reaction, leading one to believe that violations will continue to be business as usual.

On the legislative side, bills such as the "Strengthening America's Trade Laws Act" (S. 1267) introduced by Senator John Rockefeller (D-WV) on 06/23/11 or the "Protecting American Trade Secrets and Innovation Act of 2012" (S. 3389) introduced by Senator Herbert Kohl (D-WI) on 07/17/12 did not progress beyond initial committee reviews and expired with the 112th Congress at the end of CY2012.

On 09/17/12, President Obama filed a complaint with the WTO on China's unfair subsidy of its auto and auto parts exports in contravention of China's agreement not to do so when its joined the WTO in CY2001. Simply filing a complaint with the WTO will not mitigate this situation in the near term. In retaliation, China filed its own complaint with the WTO against the USA for applying what it considers as onerous "countervailing" tariffs on goods it exports to the USA.

This promise to "ensure that American companies have a fair opportunity to compete and particularly to counteract piracy of intellectual property" by China has not been fulfilled as of early-CY2013.
0.00
Consular AffairsGrade
ST-11
The Promise: "...will streamline the visa process to return America to its rightful place as the world's top destination for artists and art students."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Champions for Arts and Culture", dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.artsdel.org/advocacy/Obama_Arts.pdf
Status:Since 09/11/01, artists and art organizations faced considerable red tape and bureaucratic delays when applying for O-1A, O-1B or O-2 (for Individuals with Extraordinary Ability or Achievement), and P-1B (Member of Internationally Recognized Entertainment Group) non-immigrant visas to enter the USA to perform. As of end-CY2011, artists filing State's I-129 (Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker) had to allow 45 days for their applications to be processed.

To mitigate this issue, the Homeland Security U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) announced on 07/23/10 that artist/art student visa applications filed by "creative organizations" would be adjudicated within 14 days. This was a great improvement over the 45-120 days processing time typically required since the terrorist attacks of 09/11/01 -- unless a petitioner paid an additional $1,000 premium processing fee.

As of early-CY2013, the USCIS web site reflects 14 days as its national goal for processing "O" (Extraordinary Ability) and "P" (Athletes, Artists and Entertainers) visas. The web site also indicates that, on average, this goal is being met.

Promise fulfilled.
1.00
ST-12
The Promise: "...will stop shuttering consulates and start opening them in the tough and hopeless corners of the world - particularly in Africa."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan for America: "Blueprint for Change" dated 10/09/08.
Source: http://campaign-promises.com/wp-content/uploads/obamablueprintforchange.pdf
Status:Since President Obama came into office in 01/09, the following consulates have either been opened, reopened or are planned under the State Department's Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations (OBO):

Afghanistan: Herat, Mazer-e-Sharif, Kandahar and Jalalabad
China: Guangzhou
Iraq: Basra and Erbil
Kazakstan: Almaty (Upgrade from Embassy Branch Office to Consulate)
Egypt: Alexandria
Mexico: Monterrey and Tijuana
Equatorial Guinea: Malabo
Morocco: Casablanca
Saudi Arabia: Dhahran

With the possible exception of Afghanistan (if that country is not stabilized by the time U.S. completes "transitioning" out in CY2014) and Iraq where security is tenuous at best, none of the other sites are considered "tough and hopeless," -- not even the two African sites.

On the "shuttering" side, the State Department closed the U.S. Embassy and consular activities in Syria on 02/06/12 as the Assad regime intensified its efforts to crush internal dissidence.

This promise is not being fulfilled.
0.00
EuropeGrade
ST-13
The Promise: "...will insist that the rights of the Serb community in Kosovo and the security of Serbian religious sites be vigilantly protected and will work to encourage Serbia to seek its future in a stable and prosperous West."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "A Stronger Partnership with Europe for a Safer America" dated 10/14/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245758/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-A-Stronger-Partnership-with-Europe-for-a-Safer-America
Status:According to UN Security Council Resolution 1244, Serbia has the right to place up to 1,000 personnel at the most important religious and historical sites in Kosovo. The Kosovan Minister of the Interior, Bajram Regjepi, rejects this engagement of Serbian personnel.

The NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR) announced in 08/10 that it would hand over the responsibility for protection of most Serbian monasteries and churches in Kosovo and Metohija to the largely ethnic-Albanian Kosovo police. The announcement was immediately condemned by the Serbian Orthodox Church. As of early-CY2013, KFOR was protecting three major Serbian Orthodox Church sites and a few monasteries.

Following a visit to Serbia by Vice President Biden in 05/09, a visit designed to energize U.S.-Serbia relations, the U.S. provides Serbia with an annual $50M aid package to support reforms needed for Serbia's integration in the European Union (EU) and other global institutions. In this area, there is support forthcoming from the USA for Serbia as it seeks a "future in a stable and prosperous West."

However, U.S. silence on the control of security of Serbian religious/historical sites by the mostly ethnic-Albanian Kosovo police, despite the provisions of UN Resolution 1244, is a situation that will serve to inhibit the prospects for true peace in that region for the foreseeable future.

The Obama Administration is considered to have made only initial progress in the fulfillment of this promise.
0.65
ST-14
The Promise: "...will show U.S. leadership in seeking to negotiate a political settlement on Cyprus...believes strongly that Cyprus should remain a single, sovereign country in which each of the two communities on the island is able to exercise substantial political authority within a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "A Stronger Partnership with Europe for a Safer America" dated 10/14/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245758/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-A-Stronger-Partnership-with-Europe-for-a-Safer-America
Status:As of end-CY2010, the Obama Administration, according to the U.S. Embassy Nicosia web site, still views the status quo on Cyprus as unacceptable, but prefers that United Nations intercommunal negotiations lead the way to achieve a fair and permanent settlement between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities.

The USA provides approximately $11M annually to Cyprus to reduce tensions and promote peace and cooperation between the two communities, and creating conditions conducive to resolution of the long-standing Cyprus conflict by reuniting the island.

A few visits, a few dollars, and lots of words aside, the Obama Administration is not showing any "U.S. leadership" needed to resolve the Cypriot issue. Rather, Turkey is recognized by the Obama Administration as a key ally in the Middle East, one that continually progresses toward closer relationships with Iran, Russia and other Middle Eastern states not necessarily considered close allies of the United States, to the detriment of any resolution of the Cyprus partition situation.

Frustration on the lack of U.S. leadership for a political settlement on Cyprus was articulated by the President of the "Justice of Cyprus" International Coordinating Committe, Philip Christopher, on 06/04/12 in Washington, D.C. when he stated: "We are very disappointed with the administration. It has basically maintained the status quo...they have offered the same rhetoric."

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-15
The Promise: "They [Obama and Biden] recognize that the historic political achievements of 2007 must be followed by economic development that benefits all of the people of Northern Ireland...will work closely with the Irish Taoiseach, the British Prime Minister, and the Northern Ireland Executive to continue on this path of peace and prosperity."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "A Stronger Partnership with Europe for a Safer America" dated 10/14/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245758/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-A-Stronger-Partnership-with-Europe-for-a-Safer-America
Status:The first step in fulfilling this promise was the appointment of the U.S. Special Economic Envoy to Northern Ireland, Declan Kelly, in 09/09.

The Special Envoy's mission was to work with the Northern Ireland Government and private sectors in fostering new opportunities for trade and investment. Relations between the Obama Administration and the Taoiseach (Irish head of government/prime minister) and President have been cooperative.

The Obama Administration has also been supportive of the International Fund for Ireland (IFI), established in CY1986, which provides grants and loans to businesses to improve their economy, redress inequalities of employment opportunity, and improve cross-border business and community ties. Donor countries include the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the European Union.

The U.S. contribution to the IFI in FY2010 was $17M, up from $15M in FY2009. For FY2011, $18M was appropriated under the Continuing Appropriations Act (H.R. 3081). But this funding was eliminated under Public Law 112-6 on 03/18/11. Instead, the IFI received $2.5M from the FY2011 Economic Support Fund in the form of a grant.
For FY2012, President Obama requested $2.5M for the IFI but no specific amount was allocated by Congress. For FY2013, the House Appropriations Committee recommended zero funds for the IFI.

As a precursor to diminished U.S. funding of the IFI as depicted above, on 06/17/09, Congressman Jason Chaffetz (R-UT) introduced legislation (H.R. 2915) that would ban further U.S. contributions to the International Fund for Ireland. While this bill expired with the 111th Congress, Congressman Chaffetz reintroduced it as H.R. 464 on 01/26/11. It too died when the 112th Congress expired at the end of CY2012.

But at this stage in Ireland's history, it is time for Ireland to make its own way to ensure its internal peace and prosperity.

This promise has been fulfilled.
1.00
Export ControlsGrade
ST-16
The Promise: "...will direct a review of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) to reevaluate restrictions imposed on American companies, with a special focus on space hardware that is currently restricted from commercial export."
When/Where: Obama Plan: "Advancing the Frontiers of Space Exploration" dated 08/15/08.
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/382369main_48%20-%2020090803.2.Space_Fact_Sheet_FINAL.pdf
Status:Since CY1999, the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) have imposed severe export controls not only on the USA's defense/weapons systems, but on communications satellites and virtually all spacecraft and space hardware, software and related materials. These restrictions came about after two U.S. satellite manufacturers were found to have aided China missile development efforts by advising he Chinese on the causes of U.S. missile launch failure. These restrictions have been viewed by some as a declaration of economic and technological war by the U.S. Government against U.S. national interests.

On 08/14/09, President Obama announced his decision to undertake a comprehensive review of U.S. export controls, referred to as the Export Control Reform (ECR) Initiative. This Initiative was to be accomplished in three phases:

Phases 1 and 2 - reconcile various definitions, regulations, and policies for export controls

Phase 3 - create a single export control list, a single licensing agency, a single enforcement coordination agency, and a unified information technology system.

In response to this challenge, the Department of Defense, in cooperation with the Departments of State, Commerce, Homeland Security, the Director of National Intelligence and National Security Agency devised a blueprint for implementing the President's direction with the understanding that some of the above changes could be implemented via Executive Order, while others would require Congressional notification/action.

On 03/11/11, the Department of State Directorate of Defense Trade Controls published a new proposed rule that establishes conditions under which an ITAR license will not be required for the export of a defense article incorporated into an end-item that is subject to export controls under the Department of Commerce's Export Administration Regulations (EAR).

On 07/12/11, the Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) published a proposed rule for the transfer of items on the U.S. Munitions List (USML) that the President determines no longer warrant control under the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) to the Commerce Control List (CCL) once Congressional notification requirements are met.

In 04/12, the Department of Defense issued its report recommending that some U.S.-built satellites and components be transferred from the USML to the CCL. This is an On-going process.

On 05/22/12, Senator Michael Bennett (D-CO) introduced the "Safeguarding United States Leadership and Security Act of 2012" (S. 3211) which would in part restore to the President the authority to transfer certain satellites and their components from the USML to the less restrictive CCL. The House version of the FY2013 National Defense Authorization Act contains a similar provision.

Tangible progress has been made toward promise fulfillment. Let's wait to see whether restrictions on the commercial export of space-related hardware are actually lifted or whether the President is newly authorized to effect the satellite/component transfers from the UDML to the CCL before assigning a final grade.
0.75
ST-17
The Promise: "...will also direct revisions to the licensing process to ensure that American suppliers are competitive in the international aerospace markets, without jeopardizing American national security."
When/Where: Obama Plan: "Advancing the Frontiers of Space Exploration" dated 08/15/08.
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/382369main_48%20-%2020090803.2.Space_Fact_Sheet_FINAL.pdf
Status:Inn 08/09, President Obama direct a top-to-bottom review of the nation's export control system. A major component of this review involved licensing procedures.

In 04/10, an Interagency Task Force reported its findings and concluded that a single licensing agency should be formed (State, Commerce and Defense currently have licensing responsibilities that often do not complement one another) and that licencing reform should ensue in three phases:

Phase 1: Implement regulatory-based improvements to streamline licensing processes and standardize policy and processes to increase efficiencies.

Phase 2: Complete transition to mirrored control list system and fully implement licensing harmonization to allow export authorizations within each control tier to achieve a significant license requirement reduction which is compatible with national security equities.

Phase 3: Implement a single licensing agency.

We also heard from the Pentagon in 04/10 when Defense Secretary Gates announced a "4 singles" approach to export licensing reform. As of early-CY2013, the Obama Administration and Congress are still working to develop and codify the basic tenets of that "4 singles" initiative: (1) a more predictable, efficient and transparent technology control regime that will create a single control list, (2) a single primary enforcement coordination agency, (3) a single information technology system, and (4) a single licensing agency. These reforms would help facilitate exports from U.S.-based aerospace manufacturers to international markets. Unfortunately, the first four years of the Obama presidency were insufficient to generate meaningful progress on these requirements for the aerospace industry outside of Pentagon walls.

While the above reflected initial progress toward promise fulfillment, the Pentagon reported on 06/10/11 that it had a backlog of 13K arms export applications, up from 10K in CY2010, valued at $327B, with special emphasis on the increased international demand for unmanned aerial vehicles (drones). Numbers for CY2012 are not yet available.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
Foreign Affairs/DiplomacyGrade
ST-18
The Promise: "Increase the size of the foreign service."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity," dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:In CY2009, the State Department launched a four-year plan known as "Diplomacy 3.0" to increase its foreign service officer strength by 25% by end-FY2018. Fiscal realities suggest that this goal may not be met until FY2023. According to General Accountability Office (GAO) Report 12-721 entitled "Foreign Service Workforce Gaps" dated 06/14/12, the State Department faced "experience gaps in 28 percent of overseas Foreign Service positions...14 percent are vacant...14 percent are filled through upstretch assignments" (where the incumbent has not attained the grade of the position he or she fills).

The same GAO report indicates that the State Department has failed to develop a strategic plan to exercise the authority it has to address Foreign Service midlevel personnel gaps, supplementing its practice of employing Foreign Service retirees on a "When Actually Employed (WAE) basis and converting a few of its 10,490 Civil Service personnel to Foreign Service positions.

President Obama's first budget proposal (FY2010) for diplomatic and consular programs resulted in a Democrat-controlled Congressional appropriation of $8.227B, $733M below the President's original request but $1.164B above the FY2009 appropriation. This increase in funding permitted the hiring of up to 740 new Foreign Service personnel to augment the 11,700 personnel at State at that time. During FY2009 and FY2010, the State Department increased the size of the Foreign Service by 17% or 1,900 employees above attrition. However, this did little to close position vacancies at the midlevels because of an increase in overseas positions due to increased personnel needs in response to emerging/higher diplomatic priority positions.

For USAID, the FY2010 appropriation was $1.39B, $330M above FY2009 but $50M less than President Obama's request. This FY2010 appropriation permitted USAID to hire up to 300 additional Foreign Service Officers as part of its Development Leadership Initiative (DLI).

For FY2011, the State Department requested funding for an additional 410 Foreign Service personnel but managed to hire only 38 due to budget constraints. As of 06/30/11, the Foreign Service personnel strength was 13,385, representing approximately 20% of the State Department's workforce.

In FY2012, 150 new Foreign Service positions are being added, and 82 new positions are projected to be added annually between FY2013 and FY2018.

Without specifying numerical goals, President Obama promised to increase the size of the foreign service and has done so.

This promise has been fulfilled.
1.00
ST-19
The Promise: "...will fully fund the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization and create a new Office of Conflict Prevention and Resolution with senior Ambassadors to support high-level negotiations and provide the expertise and capacity to seize opportunities or address crises as they arise. An Obama administration will also build a ready reserve corps of private civilians that can participate in post-conflict, humanitarian and stabilization efforts around the globe."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity," dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:The Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization (S/CRS) took a hit in State's FY2010 appropriation. This office was funded at $150M, which was $173.2M below the President's request and nearly $100M less than its FY2009 budget of $249M.

The FY2010 appropriation also did not support the creation of a 2,000-strong Civilian Reserve Capability (CRC) for which the State Department had requested $63.3M. President Obama did not included funding for a CRC in his FY2011 budget proposal.

For FY2011, the State Department requested $100M for the "Complex Crises Fund" (CCF) established by the 111th Congress as a U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) account. The purpose of this fund was to "respond to emerging or unforeseen crises through support of reconstruction, security, or stabilization needs." Under Continuing Resolution procedures, CCF was funded at $50M for FY2011.

In FY2010, State requested $323.2M for the Civilian Stabilization Initiative (CSI). Congress appropriated only $150M State's FY2011 budget request for CSI was $184M to be managed by S/CRS in replacement of Section 1207 funds formerly transferred to State by the Department of Defense. Congress appropriated only $40M for State and $7M for USAID for CSI activities in FY2011.

For FY2012, the State Department's requirement for Conflict Stabilization Operations was $92.2M, of which only $8.5M was appropriated by Congress. No funds were appropriated in FY2012 for USAID's CCF account.

As to the creation of a new "Office of Conflict Prevention and Resolution" within the S/CRS, the State no such office has been created.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-20
The Promise: "Unfortunately, our resources for cultural diplomacy are at their lowest level in a decade. Barack Obama and Joe Biden will work to reverse this trend and improve and expand public-private partnerships to expand cultural and arts exchanges throughout the world."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Champions for Arts and Culture" dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.artsdel.org/advocacy/Obama_Arts.pdf
Status:Funding for State's Educational and Cultural Exchange (ECE) program for FY2008 was $501M and $538M for FY2009.

The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010, signed into law by President Obama on 12/16/09, provided $635M to the Department of State for its an increase of $97M over the FY2009 appropriation, to "fund educational, cultural and professional exchange programs worldwide to foster mutual understanding between the United States and more than 160 other nations."

For FY2011, the State Department required $635M to sustain ECE programs but received $600M. For FY2012, that requirement was $637.1M but State received only $598.8M. For FY2013, President Obama requested $586.9M for ECE. If the Foreign Relations Authorization Act for FY2013 (H.R. 6018) is signed into law, the ECE should be authorized funding at the FY2012 level ($598.8).

This promise to improve/expand ECE activities has been fulfilled based on increased funding from the FY2008/FY2009 baselines.
1.00
ST-21
The Promise: "...will pursue direct diplomacy with all nations, friend and foe. He will do the careful preparation necessary, but will signal that America is ready to come to the table, and that he is willing to lead."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan for America: "Blueprint for Change" dated 10/09/08.
Source: http://campaign-promises.com/wp-content/uploads/obamablueprintforchange.pdf
Status:While relations with most of America's friends are being maintained during the Obama Administration, some have cooled (i.e. United Kingdom, France, Germany), while others have become severely strained (i.e. Russia, Israel, Afghanistan).

China continues to deeply distrust the USA over its continued relationship with and support of Taiwan. On the other hand, Taiwan's continuing need for 66 new F-16C/D fighter aircraft and upgrades for its aging fleet of F-16/A/B aircraft were repeatedly blocked the first three years of the Obama Administration, gaining traction only in 04/12 when the Administration reversed its position and declared that it would give "serious consideration" to an F-16C/D sale. To that end, the House approved the "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013" (H.R. 4310) which includes Section 1240 that reads: "The President shall carry out the sale of no fewer than 66 F-16C/D multirole fighter aircraft to Taiwan." This potential sale is being rejected by China and is one of the root causes for continued strained relationships the USA and China.

China also see the USA as encircling Chinese assertive expansion efforts in Southeast Asia by establishing new transpacific relationships with Vietnam, Cambodia, Indonesia and others that could be seen as running against China's free trade objectives with Association of Southeastern Asian Nation (ASEAN) member countries.

There has also been no known demarche or meaningful pursuit of improved, highest level diplomatic relations with countries the USA considers its foes (i.e. Venezuela, Iran, Syria, North Korea).

The collapse of climate negotiations in Copenhagan was considered a serious defeat for the Obama Administration. His brokering of a separate deal with the Chinese left his European allies stymied by what was referred to in European media as President Obama's "pomposity and arrogance."

President Obama's failure to show up at the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall in 11/09 further infuriated his British, French and German counterparts. These relationships are slowly mending as witnessed by President Obama's visit to London in 05/11 and his hosting of German Chancellor Merkel in the first state visit he accorded to a European leader, 2 1/2 years into his first term in office.

In 11/10, he failed again to deal effectively with China on the issue of the latter's currency manipulation.

In 05/12, the new Russian President Vladimir Putin elected not to attend the Group of Eight (G8) Summit at Camp David, Maryland for the time since Russia became the 8th member of this forum in CY1997. Russia sent its Prime Minister instead, a move that was interpreted by international observers as a sign of the high level of tension that exists between the U.S. and Russian presidencies. This strained bilateral relationship got worse as a result of the mid-09/12 closure of USAID activities in Russia because of funding provided by USAID to "Golos," a group that reported on widespread fraud during recent parliamentary and presidential election that, in part, returned Putin to Presidential power.

In 09/12, President Obama decided not to meet with any foreign leaders during the annual United Nations General Assembly, further straining relationships with traditional allies, especially Israel. Instead, his priority was to hit the campaign trail to secure a second term in office.

In 08/13, President Obama cancelled a planned summit with Russia's President Putin, indicating that Obama's "reset" of bilateral relations announced during his first term had failed.

These are a few recent examples where President Obama's lack of diplomatic leadership skills were perceived negatively and at times as a sign a weakness by the international community.

This promise has not, as of end-CY2014, been fulfilled.
0.00
Foreign AidGrade
ST-22
The Promise: "Double U.S. spending on foreign aid to $50 Billion a year by 2012"
When/Where: Obama's Plan: "The War We Need To Win" dated 07/31/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/417b7e6036dd852384_luzxmvl09.pdf
Status:For FY2009, the last Bush Presidency budget cycle, foreign assistance amounted to about $23B, not counting supplementals such as the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

The State Department enacted budget for FY2010 was $48.6B against a request for $52.0B. Eliminating $16.1B for State operations, this left $32.5B for foreign assistance.

For FY2012, the State Department was appropriated $44.6B. Eliminating $13.8B for State and related agency operations, this left $30.8B for foreign assistance.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-23
The Promise: "Barack Obama will double the Peace Corps to 16,000 by its 50th anniversary in 2011..."
When/Where: Obama Plan "Renewing U.S. Leadership in the Americas", dated 06/06/08.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/85c9392c81570937d6_lqomvygpq.pdf
Status:In FY2009, total Peace Corps strength was 7,671 serving in 65 countries.

In FY2010, the Peace Corps' strength was 8,655 serving in 70 countries, adding assistance to Colombia, Haiti, Indonesia, Madagascar and Sierra Leone.

In FY2011, the Peace Corps had 9,095 personnel serving in 68 countries, eliminating assistance to Haiti and Niger.

The promise to expand the Peace Corps to 16,000 by CY2011 was not fulfilled.
0.00
ST-24
The Promise: "Use part of increased U.S. assistance to establish a $2 billion Global Education Fund to offer an alternative to extremist schools."
When/Where: Obama's Plan: "The War We Need To Win" dated 07/31/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/417b7e6036dd852384_luzxmvl09.pdf
Status:The purpose of this fund would have been to finance schools that would counter the message of radical Islamist madrasas (schools for teaching Islamic theology and religious law) in Afghanistan, Pakistan and elsewhere. The State Department budget for FY2010 included $1B, $19M above the President's request and $300M above FY2009, to increase access to quality education and provide alternatives to madrasas.

In Pakistan alone as of early-CY2013, an estimated 1.5M Pakistani children attend madrasas. The promised "Global Education Fund" was not established at the $2B level.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-25
The Promise: "...more than five million Iraqis are refugees or are displaced inside their own country. Obama and Biden will form an international working group to address this crisis. They will provide at least $2 billion to expand services to Iraqi refugees in neighboring countries, and ensure that Iraqis inside their own country can find sanctuary."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Preventing Humanitarian Crisis", undated.
Source: http://change.gov/agenda/iraq_agenda/
Status:The Department of State budget for FY2010 included $1.68B for Migration and Refugee Assistance (MRA), which was $197M above the President's request and $6.8M above the FY09 level. For FY2011, State's budget for MRA was $1.647B, an amount reduced to $1.600B in FY2012. The Emergency MRA account was funded at $27.2M in FY2012, down from $49.9M in FY2011.

On top of the above, International Organizations & Conferences (CIO) were funded at the $1.69B level, which was $100 million below the President's FY2010 request but $92.6M above the FY2009 enacted level. For FY2011, CIO funding was enacted at the reduced level of $1.311B but increased to $1.440B in FY2012.

The CIO account funds dues owed to 47 international organizations, including the United Nations, for which the U.S. is treaty-obligated. There is no evidence that a specific obligation of $2B has was made by the Obama Administration to help resolve the unique Iraqi refugee issue, one which can perhaps best be addressed through the United Nations High Commission on Refugees (UNHCR).

One must keep in mind that MRA, EMRA and CIO funds are appropriated to address global issues, not solely Iraqi issues.

Meanwhile the USA officially pulled its troops out of Iraq by end-CY2011. This left behind a separate humanitarian crisis. Tens of thousands of male soldiers, police, insurgent fighters and civilians died during the 9-year war in Iraq, leaving behind approximately 2M widows to fend for themselves. According to the International Committee of the Red Cross, more than half of the estimated 7M Iraqis living below the poverty line are such women and their children. There is no effective program in place to help mitigate this problem.

This promise, especially with regard to the formation of an "international working group," has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-26
The Promise: "He has pledged to provide at least $50 billion by 2013 for the global fight against HIV/AIDS, including our fair share of the Global Fund, in order to at least double the number of HIV-positive people on treatment and continue to provide treatments to one-third of all those who desperately need them."
When/Where: Obama's Plan: "Fighting HIV/AIDS Worldwide" dated 11/30/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/2cb319a705c2ef49d1_or0gmvqxd.pdf
Status:The Global Fund is a partnership between governments, civil society, the private sector, and affected communities to prevent and treat not only HIV/AIDS, but also malaria and tuberculosis.

On 10/05/10, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Eric Goosby announced that the USA pledged $4B to the Global Fund to fight not only HIV/AIDS, but also malaria and tuberculosis -- for the multiyear period of FY2011-FY2013. Against this pledge, the Obama Administration committed $1.05B in FY2011, $1.3B in FY2012, and $1.56B in FY2013. At that rate, the goal of $4B for the Global Fund by FY2013 was not met.

The FY10 appropriation for the Department of State to combat worldwide HIV/AIDS was enacted at $5.5B (including $350M for USAID HIV/AIDS programs).

For FY2011 and FY2012, the President's request and resultant appropriations for USAID HIV/AIDS programs was flat and unchanged at $350M. The President requested that this line item be reduced to $330M for FY2013.

The total FY2011 Global/International request for HIV/AIDS under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS (PEPFAR) was $6.7B. The enacted amount was $5.5B.

For FY2012, PEPFAR funding was enacted at the $4.6B level and President Obama's request for FY2013 proposes to increase this amount to $7.6B, an amount that was reduced to $3.86B in light of sequestration related budget constraints.

During President Obama's first term in office, the promise of fully funding the Global Fund pledge ($4B) and meeting the $50B goal for HIV/AIDS mitigation was not met, given that the cumulative funding for the FY2010-FY2013 timeframe was came in at less than $20B to combat HIV/AIDS.

On 12/02/13, President Obama pledged $5B for the period FY2014-FY2017.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-27
The Promise: "The Civilian Assistance Corps [CAC]...would provide each federal agency a pool of volunteer experts willing to deploy in crises. They would be pre-trained and screened for deployment to supplement departments' expeditionary teams...would ensure that true experts carry out tasks such as restoring electricity or creating banking systems, rather than the current practice of expecting already over-burdened soldiers to assume these roles...will set a goal of creating a national CAC of 25,000 personnel."
When/Where: Obama Campaign Document "A 21st Century Military for America" dated 11/26/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/303d3f8f5e85133bae_9ypmvyari.pdf
Status:Based on a Congressional Research Service report entitled "Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and Other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities" dated 01/12/12, Congress approved $50M for the creation of a Civilian Response Corps (CRC) under the Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2008.

The Obama Administration further refined the organization of the CRC into three components as follows:
- Active Component (CRC-A)
- Standby Component (CRC-S)
- Reserve Component (CRC-R).

The CRC-R most closely resenbles the Civilian Assistance Corps (CAC) then-Candidate Obama promised to establish. The intent of the CRC-R, to be manned by 2,000 volunteers from the public and private sectors, was to deploy experts within 60 days to areas of conflict or disaster.

The initial funding request for CRC-R was in FY2010 and amounted to $63.3M. Congress turned down this request because neither the CRC-A nor CRC-S programs were considered to have been effectively established. President Obama did not seek funding for CRC-R in either FY2011 or FY2012.

The envisioned 25,000-strong Civilian Assistance Corps (CAC), now referred to as CRC-R, has not been established.

This promise has not been fufulled.
0.00
ST-28
The Promise: "...will...develop the capacity of our civilian aid workers to work alongside the military."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan for America: "Blueprint for Change" dated 10/09/08.
Source: http://campaign-promises.com/wp-content/uploads/obamablueprintforchange.pdf
Status:In theory, USAID's Office of Military Affairs Planning Division has a well-articulated mission to coordinate USAID civilian-military relationships with the Pentagon, the State Department and other organizations. USAID's participation in the development of the next iteration of the "Guidance for the Employment of the Force," (a strategic planning document used by Combatant Commanders (COCOMs)), its participation in COCOM regional/theater campaign planning, and its participation in DoD's Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) are all, on the surface, indicative that there exists good collaboration between USAID and the military.

In its first Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) of CY2010, the State Department acknowledged the need for closer civilian/military working relationships as one of the pillars of an effective national security strategy. Several of State's strategic goals directly support, on paper, the above objective.

In reality, the DoD has grown to become the country's most significant instrument in dealing with the world's most pressing needs. At the same time, the civilian-led foreign aid system under the Obama Administration is considered by some to be politically weak, largely dysfunctional, and generally unable to deliver aid that is consistent with State's longer-term strategic vision/goals.

To fully deliver on this promise, the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 needs to be rewritten. This particular legislative reform is apparently not on President Obama's or Congress' agenda.

This promise is not being fulfilled.
0.00
Foreign PolicyGrade
ST-29
The Promise: "Obama will personally lead diplomacy efforts beginning with a speech at a major Islamic forum in the first 100 days of his administration."
When/Where: Obama's Plan: "The War We Need to Win" dated 07/31/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/417b7e6036dd852384_luzxmvl09.pdf
Status:President Obama found his "major Islamic forum" when he addressed the Turkish Parliament on 04/06/09. According to the CIA World Factbook, Turkey is nominally 99.8% Muslim and his address was reportedly followed by a majority of the worldwide Muslim and Arab community as broadcast by Al Jazzera and Al Arabiya news networks.

A speech at Jakarta, Indonesia University on 11/10/10 was branded by local observers as repetitive and redundant to a similar speech he delivered in Cairo, Egypt on 06/04/09. Indonesia's population of 240M is reportedly 90% Muslim.

This promise has been fulfilled.
1.00
ST-30
The Promise: "We'll establish a program for the Department of Energy and our laboratories to share technology with countries across the region."
When/Where: Obama Plan "Renewing U.S. Leadership in the Americas", dated 06/06/08.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/85c9392c81570937d6_lqomvygpq.pdf
Status:During the 2009 Summit of the Americas at Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago on 04/17-19/09, President Obama announced the creation of the "Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas". On 04/19/09, President Obama and his Mexican counterpart (President Calderon) established the US-Mexico Bilateral Framework on Clean Energy and Climate Change, a key tenet of which is "...expanding our extensive bilateral collaboration on clean energy technologies to facilitate renewable power generation...".

Promise fulfilled.
1.00
ST-31
The Promise: "Barack Obama and Joe Biden...will significantly increase funding for the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and other nongovernmental organizations to support these civic activists."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity", dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:NED funding is usually under an appropriation provided by Congress to the Department of State for the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The FY2008 budget allocation for the NED was $99.190M, but this amount was funded under the Democracy Fund, not under the conventional State/USAID route.

The enacted NED budget for FY2009 was $115M. Under President Obama, the NED enacted budget for FY2010 was $118M, the same amount appropriated under Continuing Resolution procedures fir FY2011. For FY2012, President Obama requested that the NED's funding be reduced to $104M but the budget enacted by Congress remained at $118M. For FY2013, President Obama is again requesting a reduction to $104M.

In light of President Obama's continuing efforts to reduce NED funding as depicted above, this promise to "significantly increase" the NED's funding has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-32
The Promise: "Restore U.S. leadership on space issues by seeking code of conduct for space-faring nations, including a worldwide ban on weapons to interfere with satellites and a ban on testing anti-satellite weapons."
When/Where: Obama Campaign Document "A 21st Century Military for America" dated 11/26/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/303d3f8f5e85133bae_9ypmvyari.pdf
Status:While there may be some intent to address this issue by the U.S. National Security Council, this is an issue involving all nations capable of interfering with any other nation's satellites through the development of anti-satellite weapons.

On 06/28/10, the Obama Administration released its "National Space Policy of the United States of America." This new policy failed to address the main thrust of this promise, as it does not include any statement supporting the notion that the Obama Administration is seeking "a worldwide ban on weapons to interfere with satellites and a ban on testing anti-satellite weapons."

On 09/27/10, The European Union (EU) presented an updated version of its "Draft Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities" to potential signatories for preventing harmful interference with space objects and refraining from intentional damage to satellites.

In 01/12, the State Department announced the Obama Administration's position that instead of signing the EU's proposed Code of Conduct, the USA would work with the EU and other nations to develop an "International Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities." Yet on 02/17/12, Secretary Clinton endorsed the EU Code on behalf of the United States (joining Canada, Australia, Japan and India) while recognizing that the code is not legally binding and has no enforcement mechanisms.

The EU Code of Conduct is not yet formally in place. There are a total of nine countries with launch capabilities and more than 50 countries that have assets in space (space-faring nations) that would have to endorse the Code before it would be considered effective. If/when this happens, it will be impossible to monitor and enforce the Code's provisions.

It is clear that the EU, not the USA, exercised leadership in the drafting and finalization of the Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities. Secondly, the USA has not been effective in introducing a worldwide ban on anti-satellite weapons.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-33
The Promise: "He will open "America Houses" in cities across the Arab world...America Houses would offer state-of-the-art English-language training programs, discussions, and a wide selection of current periodicals, newspapers, and literature. They would offer free Internet access and moderated programs that promote direct exchange with Americans through the use of modern information technology."
When/Where: Obama Plan: "The War We Need To Win" dated 07/31/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/417b7e6036dd852384_luzxmvl09.pdf
Status:On 12/02/10, an "America House" was opened at the Pacific Place Mall in Jakarta, Indonesia, a non-Arab country in which the majority is of the Muslim faith. Opened with corporate support provided by Microsoft, Google, Cisco and others, this high-tech outreach center (known as "@america") was the first American cultural center of its kind in the world.

This promise was to open America Houses "in cities across the Arab world". Other than Indonesia, not considered an "Arab" country, another America House was established at the U.S. Consulate in East Jerusalem in CY2010. Notwithstanding upgrades to existing cultural centers in non-Arab countries and the operation of pre-existing America Houses (i.e. Munich), the promise as has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-34
The Promise: "Obama also would launch a new "America's Voice Corps" to rapidly recruit and train fluent speakers of local languages (Arabic, Bahasa Melayu, Bahasa, Farsi, Urdu, and Turkish) with public diplomacy skills, who can ensure our voice is heard in the mass media and in our efforts on the ground."
When/Where: Obama Plan: "The War We Need To Win" dated 07/31/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/417b7e6036dd852384_luzxmvl09.pdf
Status:There has been no known initiative to provide any funds, either in President Obama's FY2010 thru FY2013 Department of State budget proposals, for the creation of the promised "America's Voice Corps."

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-35
The Promise: "They will work to double the IAEA budget in the next four years (increasing the U.S. annual share to about $225 million)."
When/Where: Obama -Biden Plan: "Confronting 21st Century Threats" dated 09/23/08.
Source: http://blatantreality.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/fact_sheet_21st_century_threats.pdf
Status:The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) budget for CY2009 was 296M Euros ($414M), meaning that to double its budget in four years requires a commitment by the 151 member states to fund the IAEA by approximately $828M by CY2013, without adjusting for inflation. For CY2012, the IAEA's budget was 313M Euros ($391M).

The State Department's FY2009 budget for the U.S. portion of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s budget was $93.9M. Enacted under the Obama Administration, the IAEA allocation for FY2010 was $101.4M, with State's request for FY2011 at $112.8M which resulted in a continuing resolution appropriation of $65M. For FY2012, State requested an increase to $85.9M.

First, the IAEA's budget did not "double" during the four years of President Obama's first term in office. Second, the U.S. contribution to the IAEA, except for FY2010, has been less than the FY2009 appropriation and far from the annual rate of $225M reflected in this promise.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-36
The Promise: "...will lead a multilateral effort to address the issue of "odious debt" by investigating ways in which "loan sanctions" might be employed to create disincentives for private creditors to lend money to repressive, authoritarian regimes."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity", dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:Repressive regimes exist in Africa, South America, Middle East and elsewhere. This promise was intended to be an an international initiative, led by the United States, with global application.

As of early-CY2013, the Obama Administration has addressed this promise on a selective basis only (i.e. North Korea, Syria and Iran), which was not the intent of this promise.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-37
The Promise: "...will take the lead at the G-8, working with and leveraging the engagement of the private sector and private philanthropy, to launch Health Infrastructure 2020 - a global effort to work with developing countries to invest in the full range of infrastructure needed to improve and protect both American and global health."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity", dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:The 35th G-8 Summit held in Italy in 2009 did not include the establishment of a "Health Infrastructure 2020" as an agenda item. Neither did the 36th G-8 Summit (dubbed the "Muskoka Summit") held at Huntsville, Ontario on 06/25-26/10, nor the 37th G-8 Summit at Deauville, France on 05/26-27/11, nor the 38th Summit at Capt David, Maryland on 05/18-19/12.

This campaign promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-38
The Promise: "...will extend opportunities for older individuals such as teachers, engineers, and doctors to serve overseas. This effort will include a Global Energy Corps to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions overseas and promote low-carbon and affordable energy solutions in developing nations..."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Helping All Americans Serve Their Country" dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.thepowerhour.com/news4/NationalServicePlanFactSheet.pdf
Status:This promise, if it was implemented, would be an extension of U.S. foreign policy much like the Peace Corps run by the State Department.

The creation of a "Global Energy Corps" does not appear in any available Obama Administration near- or long-term plan as seen from the perspective of the President's FY2010 through FY2013 budget proposals.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-39
The Promise: "...will establish a Shared Security Partnership Program to invest $5 billion over three years to improve cooperation between U.S. and foreign intelligence and law enforcement agencies. This program will include information sharing, funding for training, operations, border security, anti-corruption programs, technology, and the targeting of terrorist financing."
When/Where: Obama Plan: "The War We Need to Win" dated 07/31/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/417b7e6036dd852384_luzxmvl09.pdf
Status:On 05/08/09, the State Department presented its FY2010 budget proposal. In it, State requested $90M to launch the "Shared Security Partnership" (SSP) to help address the "wide array of threats posed by terrorist organizations by building on previous law enforcement and counter-terrorist efforts to create a regional and global information-sharing and coordination infrastructure."

The Congressional authorization for FY2010 SSP activities included:
- $21.2M for Central America/Caribbean cross-cutting initiative to coordinate regional and global law enforcement and anti-terrorist efforts;
- $49.4M for border security, nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction, anti-corruption and anti-terrorism efforts;
- $9.4M for cross-cutting initiatives in Africa to coordinate regional and global law enforcement and anti-terrorist efforts;
- $3.3M for the Trans-Sahara SSP.
- $10M for SSP air and maritime equipment, training, and command, control, and communications (C3) equipment for the Caribbean;

The "National Security Strategy" presented by President Obama On 05/27/10 addresses the fact that the U.S. is "strengthening our partnership with foreign intelligence services and sustaining strong ties with our close allies." To that end, the SSP program was funded to the level of at least $93.3M in FY2010, as outlined above.

Since the FY2010 budget submission by the President, there has been no specific mention of the SSP program except as a subset of the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) budget line item. Even if SSP program funding was sustained at around $90M for each fiscal year subsequent to FY2010, it is evident that the investment of "$5 billion over three years" in the SSP program did not occur.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-40
The Promise: "...will work for the release of jailed scholars, activists, and opposition party leaders such as Ayman Nour in Egypt."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity", dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:The greatest call for ther release of dissidents in recent memory came from President Bush in 06/07 at a conference of dissidents in the Czech Republic. He said: "I look forward to the day when a conference like this one include Alexander Kozulin of Belarus, Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma, Oscar Elias Biscet of Cuba, Father Nguyen Van Ly of Vietnam, Ayman Nour of Egypt."

- Egyptian Aymasn Nour was released from imprisonment for alleged electoral fraud on 02/18/09 reportedly on "medical grounds," but whose release within a month of President Obama's inauguration was viewed as an attempt by President Mubarak to repair relations with the USA that had been strained during the Bush Administration because of Nour's incarceration.

- Nobel Peace Prize laureat Myanmarian Aung San Suu Kyi, a pro-democracy opposition leader and Nobel Peace Prize winner in Myanmar, was released from house arrest on 11/13/10 by the oppressive military's proxy political party that was replaced by a nominally civilian government in 03/11. On 04/01/12, she was elected to the lower house of the Burmese parliament. The United Nations and human rights groups estimate that as of early-CY2013, several hundred political prisoners continue to be held by the Myanmar Government according to the international "Human Rights Watch" organization. Secretary of State Clinton had repeatedly called for Aung San Suu Kyi's release while she was a political prisoner.

- Vietnamese Father Thaddeus Nguyen Van Ly was released from jail in 03/10 for health reasons.

- Cuban Oscar Elias Biscet, an advocate for human rights and recipient of the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom, was sentenced to a 25-year jail term in CY2003 for "disorderly conduct" and "counter-revolutionary activities." He was released on 03/11/11 primarily due to negotiations between the Cuban Government and the Catholic Church of Cuba.

- Russian oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky and his associate Platon Lebedev received an initial sentence of nine years in 05/05 for fraud, plus another three years on 12/30/10 for embezzlement and money laundering. Conventional wisdom on this matter was articulated in Senate Resolution #65 0n 02/16/11 which states in part that the conviction of the above individuals "constitutes a politically motivated case of selective arrest and prosecution that flagrantly undermines the rule of law and independence of the judicial system of Russia."

- Chinese Nobel Peace Prize laureate, democracy advocate and writer Liu Xiaobo (who died of cancer in 07/17), whose wife and family members were placed under house arrest, was sentenced to 11 years in jail and 2 years deprivation of political rights on 12/25/09. The charge: "inciting subversion of state power." This is his fourth prison term. President Obama called for Liu Xiaobo's release on 10/08/10 and again on 12/10/10 when Liu Xiaobo was honored in absentia in Oslo as Nobel Peace Prize winner. As a Nobel Peace Prize winner himself (2009), it would have been inappropriate for President Obama not to recognize his fellow laureat in this manner. There have been no formal demarches to the Chinese Government on this matter since then. Hundreds of activists and intellectuals have reportedly been detained or have simply disappeared in China's efforts to thwart the possibility of a popular uprising such as experienced in the Middle East and North Africa during CY2011 and early-CY2012. Secretary of State Clinton called for Liu Xiaobo's unconditional release on 10/09/10.

- Iranian Pastor Youcef Nadarkhani was originally sentenced to be executed for refusing to renounce his Christian faith in accordance with Sharia law. He was released from custody by the Iranian Government on 09/08/12 as a face-saving measure. The American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ) received assistance from the State Department in its efforts to secure Pastor Nadarkhani's release with a plea from Secretary Clinton on 12/10/11 that called for his "immediate and unconditional" release.

The above are but very few, high-visibility examples.

This promise has been fulfilled.
1.00
ST-41
The Promise: "...will increase support for the building blocks of durable democracies -- strong legislatures, independent judiciaries, free press, vibrant civil society, honest police forces, religious freedom, and the rule of law."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:This promise was headed toward non-fulfillment when the Obama Administration failed to support the popular uprising in Iran in CY2009. This was an excellent opportunity to influence the Iranian people's deep desire for democracy. On this matter, the Obama Administration hit the "mute button."

In early 08/10, future leaders from 46 African countries gathered in Washington, D.C. as guests of the U.S. Government to participate in conferences with American businesses and nongovernmental organizations. The conference themes included youth empowerment, good governance, and economic opportunity. When President Obama addressed this group on 08/04/10, he stressed his belief that good governance is at the center of economic development on the African continent and that there needed to be a "clear sense of the rule of law" for growth and opportunity to flourish.

In 02/11, the people of Egypt took matters into their own hands, demanding the cessation of the 30-year Mubarak autocratic government. The Obama Administration' supportive reaction was commendable. Mubarak quit, and presidential elections on 05/23-24/12 were followed by main elections on 06/16-17/12. In comments made during a press brief on 02/15/11, President Obama stated that governments in the Middle East "can't maintain power through coercion" and that "you have a young, vibrant generation with the Middle East that is looking for greater opportunity...you've got to get out ahead of change - you can't be behind the curve."

The promise was to "increase support" for fledgling democracies. Above are examples where President Obama voiced that support.

Initial progress toward promise fulfillment was made in CY2011 involving "Arab Spring" countries: Tunisia, Egypt, Bahrain, and Libya. With regard to Yemen and Syria, however, the Obama Administration has had a different approach. In Yemen, President Obama supported the out-going president Ali Abdullah Saleh, seen by some as a despot who looked the other way when his armed forces killed hundreds of democracy seekers during CY2011. This Obama Administration support was in recognition of President Salah's fight against Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).

In Syria, the Obama Administration has done little else but publicly condemn the regime of President Bashar Al-Assad for the killing of over 470,000 democracy seekers as of mid-CY2016 since they took to the streets of Damascus in 03/11. The U.S. has repeatedly been impotent in convincing China and Russia to support sanctions against Syria in the United Nations. In the face of escalating violence against western interests in Damascus, the U.S., long viewed as a "toothless tiger" by the suffering Syrian populace, closed its Embassy on 02/06/12.

The Obama Administration has given the U.S. man/woman on the street the impression that it has been selective in its support of nations whose people seek democracy.

Because of this selectivity, only initial progress has been made toward promise fulfillment.
0.65
Latin America/CaribbeanGrade
ST-42
The Promise: "...as president, Obama will grant Cuban Americans unrestricted rights to visit family and send remittances to the island."
When/Where: Obama Plan "Renewing U.S. Leadership in the Americas", dated 06/06/08.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/85c9392c81570937d6_lqomvygpq.pdf
Status:Done. On 04/13/09, President Obama issued an executive order eliminating limits on travel and raising remittance levels by Cuban Americans to relatives in Cuba.

On 01/14/11, President Obama ordered his Administration to find ways to ease travel to Cuba by non-Cuban Americans (primarily academics, students, religious groups, and journalists). Money transfers to Cuba would be permitted to non-government persons in an amount not exceeding $2,000 per year.

Campaign promise kept.
1.00
ST-43
The Promise: "...will rebuild diplomatic links throughout the hemisphere through aggressive, principled, and sustained diplomacy in the Americas from Day One. He will bolster U.S. interests in the region by pursuing policies that advance democracy, opportunity, and security and will treat our hemispheric partners and neighbors with dignity and respect."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:Barely 4 months in office in 04/09, President Obama attended the 5th Summit of the Americas in Trinidad & Tobago along with 33 other democratically elected Heads of State and Government of the Western Hemisphere. President Obama used this meeting to start engaging in new relationships with countries of the Americas to work together on common challenges: the economic crisis, our common energy and climate future, and public safety.

During the meeting, President Obama committed to continue working with Western Hemisphere counterparts for the reduction of poverty, social inclusion, and democratic governance.

However, since the promising approach expressed during the 5th Summit of the Americas in Trinidad & Tobago, the Americas have been disappointed by the lack of U.S. follow-up. This disappointment is rooted in the Obama Administration's contentious stances on issues such as:

-the 06/28/09 coup d'etat in Honduras after which every country in the region withdrew as well as all European Union nations withdrew their Ambassadors from Honduras -- except the United States,
- the maintenance and expansion of a U.S. military presence in Colombia which is opposed by the Colombian people and most other countries in the region,
- non-support by numerous Latin American countries of the Copenhagan climate change negotiations, exacerbated by the withdrawal of U.S. funds for climate change from Ecuador and Bolivia,
- the broken promise to close down the Guantanamo detention facility.

The resumption of diplomatic relations with Cuba announced by President Obama on 12/17/14 was significant. For this reason, it is considered that significant progress was made by the Obama Administration toward promise fulfillment as of the opening of Cuban and U.S. embassies in mid-CY2015.
0.75
ST-44
The Promise: "...will bring together the countries of the region in a new Energy Partnership for the Americas to forge a path toward sustainable growth and clean energy. They will call on the American people to join this effort through an Energy Corps of engineers and scientists who will go to the region and beyond to help develop clean energy solutions."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:During the 04/09 Summit of the Americas in Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago, President Obama invited all governments of the Western Hemisphere to join in an Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA).

He suggested that the ECPA focus on energy efficiency, renewable energy, cleaner and more efficient use of fossil fuels, energy poverty, and infrastructure. This focus was developed at the 06/09 Americas Energy and Climate Symposium in Lima, Peru.

During his first trilateral North American Leaders meeting held at Guadalajara, Mexico on 08/10/09, President Obama led the establishment of a partnership with the President of Mexico and the Prime Minister of Canada on future emissions trading systems and building a smart grid across the region for more efficient and reliable electricity inter-connections. The partnership established between these three countries was a step in the right direction toward promise fulfillment.

In 04/10, Energy Secretary Chu invited Western Hemisphere energy ministers to the "Energy and Climate Ministerial of the Americas". During this meeting, State Secretary Clinton proposed that ECPA's mandate be expanded to include initiatives regarding sustainable forests and land use, as well as climate change adaptation.

To jump-start the ECPA's efforts, the Administration named three top scientists to serve as ECPA fellows, to serve as consultants, advisors or educators for any of the member countries: Dr. Daniel Kammen, a professor of energy at the University of California-Berkeley; Dr. Ruth Defries, a professor of sustainable development at Columbia University; and Dr. Gerry Galloway, an engineering professor at the University of Maryland.

This promise has been fulfilled.
1.00
ST-45
The Promise: "...will substantially increase our aid to the Americas and embrace the Millennium Development Goal of cutting extreme poverty around the world in half by 2015..."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:The Millenium Development Goals (MDG), of which there are eight, resulted from the United Nations Millenium Declaration of CY2000. Goal #1: Halve by 2015 the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.00 per day.

In CY1990, the above definition of poverty applied to 29% of the Caribbean and 11% of the Latin America population. By CY2005, had gone down to the 26% level for the Caribbean and 7% for Latin America. The goal for Latin America by CY2015 is to reduce extreme poverty to the 5% level which appears on track and attainable. For the Caribbean, the CY2015 extreme poverty goal is 14%, which may not be reached.

At the outset, Millenium Development Goal #1 targeted an extreme poverty reduction from 45% to 23% by CY2015. According to United Nations reports, although progress was hindered during the global economic crisis, the poverty reduction effort will actually result in 15% of the world's population living in extreme poverty instead of 23%.

As to foreign aid extended to Latin America and the Caribbean, the enacted amount for FY2009 was $2.1B. In FY2010, this amount spiked to $3.3B. In light of federal budget constraints, Latin America/Caribbean foreign aid was cut to $1.9B in FY2011, further cut to $1.8B in FY2012, and the FY2013 foreign aid request for the Latin America/Caribbean region is $1.7B.

While the UN goal to reduce poverty in the Americas by half by CY2015 is generally on track, U.S. foreign aid to the Americas has declined in all but one of President Obama's budget requests.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-46
The Promise: "...we need to target all sources of insecurity through a new hemispheric security initiative. This initiative will foster cooperation within the region to combat gangs, trafficking and violent criminal activity."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:On 05/27/10, the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI) was launched during the first "U.S.-Caribbean Security Dialogue" in Washington, D.C. The CBSI supplements three other related initiatives: the Merida Initiative, the Central American Regional Security Initiative, and the Colombian Security Development Initiative.

By covering the different regions of Latin America and the Caribbean through these initiatives, the Obama Administration is attempting to "mitigate any 'baloon effect' - criminal spillover resulting from successful reductions in drug trafficking and transnational crime elsewhere in the region."

There are three objectives of the CBSI: (1) substantially reduce illicit trafficking, (2) increase public safety and security, and (3) promote social justice. To accomplish this, the FY2010 Foreign Operations Appropriations Bill allocated $37M for CBSI. President Obama is requesting $79M for CBSI in his FY2011 budget proposal, $62M of which would be used for police and military assistance, and $17M for economic and social assistance.

The initiative promised has been delivered. Promise fulfilled.
1.00
Middle EastGrade
ST-47
The Promise: "I strongly support passage of the Armenian Genocide Resolution (H.Res.106 and S.Res.106), and as President I will recognize the Armenian Genocide."
When/Where: Senator Obama Campaign Statement of 01/19/08.
Source: http://www.armenian-genocide.org/Affirmation.413/current_category.4/affirmation_detail.html
Status:President Obama's statement on 04/24/09, a day of memorial for the Armenian Genocide, failed to mention the key word that interested parties wanted to hear: "genocide". On 03/05/10, the House Foreign Affairs Committee voted 23-22 on a resolution officially recognizing the Armenian Genocide.

This action prompted the Turkish Government to recall its Ambassador to the U.S. home for "consultations." The Turkish Foreign Ministry issued a statement stating: "Secretary Clinton emphasized that the U.S. administration opposes both the decision accepted by the committee and the decision reaching the general assembly."

The White House went further by opposing House Resolution 306 which called for Turkey to return christian churches that were confiscated during the Armenian Genocide.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-48
The Promise: "Launch an aggressive diplomatic effort to reach a comprehensive compact on the stability of Iraq and the region."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan for Ending the War in Iraq, undated.
Source: http://change.gov/agenda/iraq_agenda/
Status:The appointment of former Senator George Mitchell as Special Envoy for Middle East Peace" on 01/22/09 was a critical first step in honoring this promise. Senator Mitchell resigned from this post on 05/13/11 out of frustration that no progress was being made with any of the principal Middle East players in the desired peace process. Senator Mitchell was replaced by his deputy, Ambassador David Hale.

The promised "comprehensive compact" remains elusive since regional security cannot be attained unless meaningful dialogue is initiated with the likes of Iran, Syria, Pakistan, the Palestinians and others.

When the USA pulled its remaining troops out of a marginally stable Iraq at the end of CY2011 as announced by President Obama on 10/21/11 (and requested by the Iraqi Government), the Obama Administration had to engage with Iran and other unfriendly Middle East nations at the senior diplomatic level. This engagement was needed to ensure that Iran did not dominate Iraq and the Persian Gulf region after the USA's departure. Lack of immediate engagement with Iran paved the way for Iran to instigate increased subversive activities against remaining U.S. assets and resources in Iraq.

In the absence of a "comprehensive compact" for Iraqi and regional stability as of early-CY2013, coupled with Ambassador Hale's inability to bring Israel and the Palestinians back to the peace table, this promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-49
The Promise: "...will lead a diplomatic effort to bring together Turkish and Iraqi Kurdish leaders and negotiate a comprehensive agreement that deals with the PKK threat, guarantees Turkey's territorial integrity, and facilitates badly needed Turkish investment in and trade with the Kurds of northern Iraq."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "A Stronger Partnership with Europe for a Safer America", dated 10/14/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245758/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-A-Stronger-Partnership-with-Europe-for-a-Safer-America
Status:During his first overseas trip in 04/09, President Obama made stops in Ankara and Istanbul, Turkey. His message was to pledge support for Turkey's efforts to thwart the terrorism tactics of the Kurdistan Workers Party (in Kurdish: Partiya Karkeren Kurdistan or "PKK").

Although much more work is required to build a real cooperative relationship between Turkey and Iraq (including the Kurds), Turkey must also look within its own borders to ensure that the Kurds there receive equitable attention in the fields of education, health care, economic opprtunities and assistance, etc.

While the Turkish Government will meet resistance as it tries to resolve problems with the Kurds, it has announced its determination to do so. The first step is the disarmament of the PKK under Turkish-US-Iraqi supervision, where the weapons will be handed over to US Forces in northern Iraq.

The next step is to clear all the northern Iraq PKK camps and return those camp areas to control by the regional northern Iraqi administration. Meanwhile, Turkey has opened a consulate in the northern Iraqi city of Arbil, based upon an agreement reached between Turkish Foreign Minister Davutoglu and the leader of the northern Iraqi regional government, Massoud Barzani.

This is a clear indication that the two sides are talking. Credit is given to President Obama for being an active participant in this process, in fulfillment of this campaign promise.
1.00
ST-50
The Promise: "...will support the promotion of democracy, human rights, and freedom of expression in Turkey and support its efforts to join the European Union."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "A Stronger Partnership with Europe for a Safer America", dated 10/14/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245758/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-A-Stronger-Partnership-with-Europe-for-a-Safer-America
Status:During his first overseas trip in 04/09, President Obama made stops in Ankara and Istanbul, Turkey. In a speech before the Turkish Parliament, he stated: "The United States strongly supports Turkey's bid to become a member of the European Union...Centuries of shared history, culture, and commerce bring you together...And Turkish membership would broaden and strengthen Europe's foundation once more."

The promise with regard to EU membership has been fulfilled. However, other aspects of this promise (i.e. promotion of democracy, human rights, and freedom of expression) have not been fulfilled.

The State Department's Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Turkey for CY2011 reveals that the Obama Administration has been ineffective in influencing improvements in the following areas:

- arbitrary and unlawful deprivation of life,
- torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,
- prison and detention center conditions,
- denial of fair public trial,
- arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home or correspondence,
- respect for freedom of speech and press,
- respect for internet freedom,
- respect for academic freedom and cultural events,
- freedom of peaceful assembly and association,
- freedom of religion,
- freedom of movement, internally displaced persons, protection of refugees and stateless persons,
- respect for political rights, and
- discrimination, societal abuses, and trafficking in persons

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-51
The Promise: "Obama also will increase aid to Pakistan for development and secular education to counter extremists."
When/Where: Obama Plan: "The War We Need to Win" dated 07/31/07.
Source: http://obama.3cdn.net/417b7e6036dd852384_luzxmvl09.pdf
Status:In Pakistan, just 54% of the population is able to read and 6.8M children between the ages of 5 and 9 are not in school. Only 33% of Pakistani children get a secondary education. One way in which U.S. education assistance is being used is to offer stipends to families to offset the cost of education for the poor with the objective of reducing militancy.

The Obama Administration promise to put more money into improving education in Pakistan initially made it a focus of the $1.5B+ in nonmilitary aid allocated annually by Congress for Pakistan over five years starting in CY2010.

Total funding by the U.S. taxpayer for assistance to Pakistan in FY2010 was $4.289B, up from $2.925B in FY2009. Of this mount, only $180M was specifically earmarked for education reform.

The Obama Administration immediately decreased total funding for Pakistan in FY2011 ($2.369B) and FY2012 ($2.102B), but has requested a slight increase for FY2013 ($2.227).

Although the President's FY2011 budget request for DOS included the statement: "Increases aid to Afghanistan and Pakistan to revitalize economic development and confront the resurgence of the Taliban," the promise to increase aid for "secular education to counter extremists" was not specifically addressed. While acknowledging that USAID successfully completed the refurbishment of 150 schools in Malakand during the Obama Administration, the fact remains that as of mid-CY2012, of 115 schools that USAID promised to rebuild under the first "over-and-above" Kerry-Lugar "Enhanced Partnership with Pakistan Act of 2009" ($1.5B authorized annually for five years starting in CY2010), work has started on only about 20 schools in the highly unstable Swat Valley and among those, few have been completed.

For FY2012, only $145M was designated for education reform. This will be even less in FY2013, where the total requested for the health and education services portion of the Economic Support Fund (ESF) is about $150M.

Doubts surrounding Pakistan's potential complicity or duplicity in harboring Usama bin Ladin prior to his elimination on 05/01/11 at his $1M+ refuge 800 meters from Pakistan's "West Point" affected promise fulfillment. To the average American citizen, it seemed highly implausible that bin Laden could have lived in his large complex for at least five years without the knowledge of Pakistani intelligence, military or civilian authorities. Official Pakistani denials convinced no one. Nonetheless the USA will continue condoning Pakistani complicity or duplicity because it needs Pakistani support to conclude its operations in Afghanistan.

Shortly after Osama bin Laden's elimination on 05/02/11 by U.S. Navy SEAL Team Six, Congressman Dana Rohrabacher (D-CA) introduced a bill (H.R. 1790) to defund all aid to Pakistan, stating that continuing to do so makes the USA look "foolish" in the eyes of the rest of the world.

U.S.-Pakistani relations took a serious turn downward on 11/27/11 when NATO forces killed 24 Pakistani troops along the border with Afghanistan. Pakistan immediately halted the flow of fuel and other supplies vital to coalition forces in Afghanistan because the USA would not apologize for that loss of life incident. On 07/03/12, seven months after the fact and after the U.S. taxpayer paid at least $2B for the use of alternate supply routes, Secretary of State Clinton apologized to her Pakistani counterpart and bilateral relations started to improve.

It is commendable that USAID continues to oversee such programs as "Links to Learning Children," "Children's Television Project," "Fulbright Scholarship Program," Teachers Education Program," and "Higher Education Support." But these alone are making only a small dent in improving Pakistani student access to a non-radicalized education.

As of early-CY2013, the promise to "increase" development and education funding to combat extremist influences in Pakistan is not being effectively fulfilled. In fact, despite the success of organizations such as The Citizens Foundation, Pakistanis find U.S. efforts to reform Pakistan's education system as imperialistic and invasive. 6% of the student population (of which 7M are at primary school age only) still attend madrasas despite its archaic and radical curricula. 40% of primary school age children are not enrolled in any school, and 20M school-age children do not receive a basic education and are therefore susceptible to radical indoctrination. This is not helped by the fact that 60% of all schools do not have electricity and 40% do not have potable water.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-52
The Promise: "Provide at least $2 billion to expand services to Iraqi refugees in neighboring countries."
When/Where: "Blueprint for Change: Obama and Biden's Plan for America" dated 10/09/08.
Source: http://campaign-promises.com/wp-content/uploads/obamablueprintforchange.pdf
Status:By conservative estimates, there are at least 2M Iraqis who have fled their homes since the start of the war. These refugees remain in dire straits.

On a global basis, President Obama's Migration and Refugee Assistance (MRA) budget proposal for the Department of State was $1.693B for FY10 and $1.605B for FY11 - but this is for worldwide purposes, not specifically for Iraq.

For FY2012, the enacted funding for the MRA was $1.646B plus $27M for the Emergency MRA (EMRA), plus $229M for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) which would include Iraqi assistance. This is slated to go down in FY2013 $1.625B for the MRA plus an increase to the EMRA to $50M, but with no OCO-related funds.

Since President Obama came into office, there has been no sign that $2B was earmarked specifically to address the Iraqi refugee/displaced persons crisis, either within Iraq or in its neighboring countries.

This promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-53
The Promise: "...will implement a Memorandum of Understanding that provides $30 billion in assistance to Israel over the next decade - investments to Israel's security that will not be tied to any other nation."
When/Where: Candidate Obama Speech to the American-Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), Washington, D.C., dated 06/04/08.
Source: http://www.asksam.com/ebooks/releases.asp?file=Obama-Speeches.ask&dn=AIPAC%20Policy%20Conference
Status:The Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in question was actually signed on 08/16/07 and provides for a $30B hand-out to Israel over the timeframe 10/08-10/18, an increase of $6B over the $24B provided in the previous decade.

The first State and Foreign Operations appropriation on President Obama's watch was voted upon on 07/09/09. From that vote came a $2.8B authorization ($2.775B in military grants and $25M for immigration grants) for payment to Israel against the 10-year/$30B U.S. promise.

For FY2011, the State Department received $2.994B for Israel's security, consistent with the FY2007 MOU proposal. $2.75B of these funds are planned for purchase of 20 F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) F-35 aircraft to be delivered in the CY2015-2017 timeframe. Congress had been notified of this potential JSF sale by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) on 09/29/08.

In addition to the $3B reflected above, the Defense Department received $415.1M for Israeli Cooperative Programs to include Israel's Iron Dome defense system to counter short-range rocket threats, Short Range Ballistic Missile Defense (SRBMD), support of Israel's Missile Defense Architecture, and Arrow System improvements.

For the years FY2012-18, the 10-year plan calls for grants of $3.09B per year to enable Israel to maintain its Qualitative Military Edge (QME). Against this goal, Israel received an estimated $3.075B in FY2012 and President Obama has requested $3.1B for FY2013.

As of the FY2013 budget proposal submitted by President Obama to Congress on 02/14/12, the goal of providing $30B to Israel over a 10-year period from CY2009 is deemed achievable.

Tangible progress has been made toward promise fulfillment.
0.75
ST-54
The Promise: "...would work with key European allies to persuade the European Union as a whole to end its practice of extending large-scale credit guarantees to Iran."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "A Stronger Partnership with Europe for a Safer America" dated 10/14/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245758/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-A-Stronger-Partnership-with-Europe-for-a-Safer-America
Status:On 07/26/10, European Union (EU) Foreign Policy Chief Catherine Ashton announced that all 27 EU countries were united in imposing sanctions on Iran in an effort to force the Iranian regime to halt uranium enrichment as proof that it is not seeking a nuclear weapons capability. These sanctions would reportedly go beyond the 06/10 UN Security Council resolution, and deepen Iran's international isolation.

EU sanctions (referred to as "restrictive measures") are documented in Council Regulation 961/2010 dated 10/25/10. Chapter IV (Freezing of Funds and Economic Resources), Article 25 states:

"It shall be prohibited:

(a) to sell or purchase public or public-guaranteed bonds issued after 26 July 2010, directly or indirectly, to or from any of the following: (i) Iran or its Government, and its public bodies, corporations and agencies; (ii) a credit or financial institution domiciled in Iran, including the Central Bank of Iran, or any credit or financial institution referred to in Article 23(2); (iii) a natural person or a legal person, entity or body acting on behalf or at the direction of a legal person, entity or body referred to in (i) or (ii); (iv) a legal person, entity or body owned or controlled by a person, entity or body referred to in (i), (ii) or (iii);

(b) to provide brokering services with regard to public or public-guaranteed bonds issued after 26 July 2010 to a person, entity or body referred to in point (a);

(c) to assist a person, entity or body referred to in point (a) in order to issue public or public-guaranteed bonds, by providing brokering services, advertising or any other service with regard to such bonds."

In summary, the announced EU sanctions include a ban on investing or selling equipment to Iran's oil and natural gas industries, restrictions on export-credit guarantees and insurance, and closer monitoring of banks doing business with Iran.

Russia was quick to condemn the EU sanctions, calling them "unilateral" and "unacceptable" as they showed disregard for the UN Security Council and would undermine collective international efforts to resolve the issues with Iran.

While the extent of U.S. influence in the EU's actions is unclear, the EU as taken action supportive of promise fulfillment.
1.00
ST-55
The Promise: "...would conduct direct talks with Iran..."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "A Stronger Partnership with Europe for a Safer America" dated 10/14/08.
Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245758/Barack-Obama-Joe-Biden-A-Stronger-Partnership-with-Europe-for-a-Safer-America
Status:On 08/02/10, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad stated that he was ready to meet/"debate" with President Obama when the two are attending a General Assembly meeting at the United Nations in 09/10.

The Obama Administration rebuffed this call for a meeting on 08/03/10. In the words of White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs: "We have always said that we'd be willing to sit down and discuss Iran's illicit nuclear program, if Iran is serious about doing that. To date, that seriousness has not been there."

On 08/14/10, President Obama stated to journalists that he was in favor of pursuing a separate track of discussions with Iran where the U.S. and Iran have mutual interests in combatting the narcotics trade and fighting the Taliban. Iran was reportedly positively disposed toward such talks...at that time.

On 03/08/12, Congresswoman Barbara Lee (D-CA) introduced the "Prevent Iran from Acquiring Nuclear Weapons and Stop War Through Diplomacy Act" (H.R. 4173). The purpose of this bill was to have President Obama appoint a high-level envoy for Iran. In doing so, direct talks with the Iranian Government would be facilitated. This bill gained no traction in the House and expired with the 112th Congress at the end of CY2012.

Congresswoman Lee reintroduced the above bill to the House on 02/15/13 as H.R. 783.

As of early-CY2013, direct talks between President Obama and his Iranian counterpart are not planned, nor are they planned by senior/cabinet level members of his Administration.

Until something breaks in the current non-existent direct talks between the U.S. and Iran, this promise is not being fulfilled.
0.00
ST-56
The Promise: "...supports tough, direct presidential diplomacy with Iran without preconditions...would offer the Iranian regime a choice. If Iran abandons its nuclear program and support for terrorism, we will offer incentives like membership in the World Trade Organization, economic investments, and a move toward normal diplomatic relations. If Iran continues its troubling behavior, we will step up our economic pressure and political isolation."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:See related Promise ST-57.

Discussions with Iran "without preconditions" was an ill-advised promise. Since President Obama's inauguration, even low-level official U.S. contacts to secure the release of 3 backpackers who strayed into Iran from Iraq in 07/09 failed.

In 07/10, President Obama called on Iran to release these three tourists on the first anniversary of their detention at Evin Prison near Tehran. His plea fell on deaf ears. Thanks to Swiss diplomacy and private payment of a $500K ransom, not "direct presidential diplomacy," one of the hikers was released for health reasons in mid-09/10 and the remaining two were released in 09/11.

Iranian officials at all levels, both religious and secular, have repeatedly stated publicly that Iran will not condone being lectured by the U.S. on what will happen if it does or doesn't do what the U.S. demands.

As of early-CY2013, this promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-57
The Promise: "...strongly support the U.S.-Israel relationship, believe that our first and incontrovertible commitment in the Middle East must be to the security of Israel, America's strongest ally in the Middle East. They support this closeness, stating that the United States would never distance itself from Israel."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:During the first three years of the Obama Administration, it in fact distanced itself from Israel because of the latter's building of Jewish settlements in East Jerusalem. The relationship between the U.S. under a patronizing President and Israel under a pragmatic Prime Minister was considered by some as being at the lowest point seen in over 35 years, despite efforts at (or appearances of) "rapprochement" in 07/10 when Prime Minister Netanyahu visited the White House.

The bilateral relationship between the U.S. and Israel reached a new low on 05/19/11 when President Obama called for the establishment of a Palestinian state based on pre-1967 Six-Day War borders (with mutually agreed swaps) behind which more than 350K Jews reside. In the words of Republican presidential contender Mitt Romney, Obama threw Israel "under the bus" when he stated this position. Prime Minister Netanyau immediately described Obama's call for a Palestinian state based on pre-1967 borders as "indefensible," a position he publicly reiterated during a tense 05/20/11 meeting with President Obama and again during an address to a joint session of Congress on 05/24/11. In reality, the U.S. position stated by President Obama is not much different than the position articulated by his predecessor, George W. Bush, and acknowledged by Netanyahu's predecessors, Ehud Olmert and Ehud Barak. Netanyahu's changed stance was seen as his way of placating his constituency and preserving his weak coalition government by disagreeing with any plan to exchange land for peace.

President Obama's assurances that U.S. commitments to Israeli security are "unshakable" sounded hollow to Prime Minister Netanyahu, as he expressed his belief that following President Obama's plan would leave Israel more vulnerable to terrorist attacks and would not result in a lasting peace. President Obama offered clarifications during a speech to the American-Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) on 05/22/11, rightly stating that his 1967 border statement of 05/19/11 had been misrepresented.

While no one denies or questions President Obama's commitment to the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, Israeli perceptions of the U.S. President have been exactly the opposite of what they should be, because President Obama has unwittingly created tension between the U.S. and Israel at the highest levels.

Dealing with Iran is another area where Israel has sought U.S. support. During a 03/05/12 visit to the White House, a sense of mistrust between Prime Minister Netanyahu and President Obama prevailed with the former steadfastly maintaining that Israel would engage with Iran as and when it sees fit to protect its people, while President Obama called for more diplomatic engagements with Iran (notwithstanding the fact that there have been no direct diplomatic demarches between either the USA or Israel and Iran).

But this strained relationship has not affected continued financial support to Israel promised under the President Carter-era Camp David accords with Egypt -- assistance that President Obama supports.

The appearance of a strained relationship between the U.S. President and Israeli Prime Minister was further exacerbated in 09/12 when the White House informed Israeli officials that President Obama's schedule would not permit his meeting with Prime Minister Netanyahu during the 09/12 UN General Assembly -- he is too busy campaigning for his re-election in 11/12, despite escalating tensions in Israel's backyard over Iran's nuclear program. The White House predictably denied that President Obama dissed the Israeli Prime Minister, drawing on consistent statements reflecting Israel as one of USA's closest allies, especially in terms of military-to-military cooperation.

For now, this promise has not been fulfilled.
0.00
ST-58
The Promise: "...Israel should not be pressured into a ceasefire that did not deal with the threat of Hezbollah missiles. He and Joe Biden believe strongly in Israel's right to protect its citizens."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:To President Obama's credit, peace talks between Israel and Palestine commenced on 09/02/10 in Washington, D.C. At that time, the State Department anticipated that these talks would continue toward a final resolution by 09/11 -- although either side could break off the talks for myriad reasons.

In 05/10, Israeli Intelligence Minister Dan Meridor estimated that Hizbullah had 42K missiles "aimed at Israel." He did not specify the type or range of these missiles, but claimed that they could reach anywhere in Israel. The missiles possessed by Hamas in Gaza and Hizbullah in Lebanon are believed to originate in North Korea and reach these organizations via Iran and Syria. With U.S. support, Israel's "Iron Dome" short range missile defense system successfully shot down a Grad rocket fired against Israel from the Gaza strip on 04/07/11.

As of end-CY2011, talks between the Israelis and Palestinians have stalled. This failure is largely attributed to the terrorist group Hamas' unity agreement with the Palestinian political party "Fatah." The Hamas charter calls for the eradication of Israel.

A potential peace agreement between Israel and Palestine, orchestrated by U.S. Special Envoy George Mitchell and other third parties such as Jordan and Egypt, has also failed. This draft agreement addressed the disposition of the Hzbullah missile/rocket threats, including Hizbullah's receipt of approximately 10 SCUD-D from Syria that can reach any point in Israel if launched from northern Lebanon.

Special Envoy Mitchell announced on 05/13/11 that he was quitting his job, a sign of frustration that neither a ceasefire nor peace agreement would become reality in the foreseeable future. His replacement has since been unable to influence these prerequisites for peace in the region.

The new Lebanese cabinet announced by Prime Minister Najib Mikati on 06/13/11 gives Hizbullah 16 of 30 seats, making it the dominant political and military force in Lebanon. In practical terms, peace with Israel is seen by many as less likely now than when President Obama assumed the presidency.

On the plus side, however, the Obama Administration has been supportive of Israel's "Iron Dome," "David's Sling," and "Arrow Defense" capabilities, while approving the sale of 19 F-35 stealth fighter jets with an option for 75 more to replace aging F-16 fighter aircraft.

Further, the Administration has routinely authorized the conduct of large-scale military exercises with the Israeli armed forces, and has conducted joint intelligence operations with the Mossad.

Despite strained relationships at the senior level, the Obama Administration has maintained support of Israel's efforts to protect its citizens and as such has fulfilled this promise.
1.00
ST-59
The Promise: "...continuing U.S. cooperation with Israel in the development of missile defense systems."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "To Secure America and Restore our Standing," undated.
Source: http://asrudiancenter.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/barack-obama-and-joe-bidens-plan-to-secure-america-and-restore-our-standing/
Status:Since FY2007, more than $750M has been appropriated for Israel's Arrow and David's Sling anti-missile systems.

The Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 (H.R. 1473) signed into law on 04/14/11 includes $205M for the procurement of the Iron Dome defense system to counter short-range rocket threats, $84.7M for the Short Range Ballistic Missile Defense (SRBMD) program including cruise missile defense research and development under the SRBMD program, $58.9M for an upper tier component to the Israeli Missile Defense Architecture, and $66.4M for the Arrow System Improvement Program including development of a long range, ground and airborne detection suite.

"Iron Dome" was first activated in 04/11 and is credited with shooting down 80% of an estimated 300 rockets launched against Israel in 03/12 alone. At these initial stages, however, "Iron Dome" is not expected to be fully capable of protecting all Israeli cities from all rockets/guided missiles that Hamas may acquire from Syria, Iran or other sources. Attainment of this goal is exacerbated by the reduction of the FY2011 appropriation of $205M for "Iron Dome" in FY2011 to $0.0M in FY2012.

In summary, here are the principal Israeli missile defense systems with which active U.S. cooperation has taken place under the first three years of the Obama Administration:

- "Iron Dome" for missile threats less than 70 kilometers from Israel;
- "David's Sling" for cruise and ballistic missiles launched less than 300 kilometers from Israel;
- Upgrades to the U.S.-provided Patriot missile interceptor system; and
- "Arrow-2" and "Arrow-3" interceptors against Iran's Shabab class ballistic missiles.

The promise to continue U.S. cooperation with Israel in the development of missile defense systems has been fulfilled.
1.00
USAIDGrade
ST-60
The Promise: "will introduce a new Rapid Response Fund - a seed fund that will provide a shot of adrenaline to young democracies and post-conflict societies, through foreign aid, debt relief, technical assistance and investment packages that show the people of newly hopeful countries that democracy and peace deliver, and the United States stands by them."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity", dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:For FY2010, Congress appropriated $50M against a $100M request for a "Complex Crises Fund...to prevent and respond to emerging or unforeseen crises" (which we interpret to mean a variant of the intended "Rapid Response Fund").

President Obama's FY2011 budget requested $100M for this Complex Crises Fund but Congress appropriated only $40M. For FY2012, the President's request went down to $75M, and against this request the Congress appropriated $43M. The President's request goes down again for FY2013, this time to $50M.

The promise did not have a dollar amount attached to it, so credit is given for the creation and funding of this initiative by the Obama Administration.
1.00
ST-61
The Promise: "...will mobilize our civilian agencies to address a new set of global challenges and boost the stature of the government's long-term development mission to attract the most talented professionals."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity", dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:On 12/15/10, Secretary of State Clinton unveiled the first Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) following President Obama's release of a National Security Strategy (NSS) released on 05/27/10, after the Presidential Study Directive on Global Development (PSD-7) was leaked to the public earlier in 05/10.

As of CY2010, there were no less than 12 departments, 25 agencies, and 60 government offices involved in U.S. foreign assistance programs. The greatest hindrance to progress on this promise appears to be the age-old conflict between the State Department and USAID, where the Administrator of USAID continued to report to the Secretary of State.

The QDDR called for the State Department and USAID to change the way they did business by mandating reform in four areas:
- adapt to a 21st Century diplomatic landscape,
- elevate and modernize development,
- strengthen the civilian capacity to prevent and respond to crises and conflicts, and
- work smarter to develop results for the American taxpayer.

One of the key goals articulated in the QDDR is to "focus and deepen our investments and empower our development professionals to deliver in areas that build on our core strengths."

This promise has been fulfilled.
1.00
ST-62
The Promise: "...will coordinate and consolidate PEPFAR [President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief], Millennium Challenge Corporation, Middle East Partnership Initiative and many foreign assistance programs currently housed in more than 20 executive agencies into a restructured, empowered and streamlined USAID."
When/Where: Obama-Biden Plan: "Strengthening Our Common Security by Investing in Our Common Humanity", dated 09/11/08.
Source: http://www.training-vanzari.ro/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/plandeafaceripoliticobama.pdf
Status:Launched by President Bush in FY2003, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) was reauthorized in the amount of $48B in FY2009 for a period of five years through FY2013. In addition to funds to fight HIV/AIDS, it also includes funding for tuberculosis and malaria.

As of end-CY2013, there has been no sign of any initiative by the Obama Administration to consolidate PEPFAR activities, Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), and the Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) under the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

Since its creation in CY2004, the MCC remains an independent foreign aid agency of the U.S. Government. Similarly, the MEPI has existed since CY2002 as a separate State Department program that supports reform efforts in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

Rather, a 09/29/10 statement by Ambassador Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs confirmed that "the Center for Disease Control (CDC), the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Commerce (DoC), Department of Labor (DoL), Peace Corps, the Institute of Medicine (IOM), Millennium Challenge Corporation, Middle East Partnership Initiative and other government organisms continue to share PEPFAR implementation with USAID under President Obama's Global Health Initiative (GHI)."

This promise to consolidate PEPFAR activities with those of the MCC and MEPI under a "streamlined USAID" has not been fulfilled.
0.00
State GPA0.34